Reflections: Part 1

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In this video, you'll start learning about WebKit reflections. This is a non-standard CSS3 property that allows you to create literal reflections of elements on a web page.

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    CSS3 Typography - Reflections: Part 1 with Nick Pettit

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    In the previous videos in this chapter,

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    we learned about text shadows and text strokes.

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    Now let's take a look at reflections.

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    Reflections are a little bit different than some of the other properties in this chapter,

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    and you'll learn why over the course of this video.

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    First, however, I'd like to emphasize that reflections are different from text shadows

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    and text stroke in that they're not limited to text.

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    You can actually apply reflections to any page elements,

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    so they're not actually a typographic effect.

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    I'm just including them here, though, because they are still nonetheless

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    more of a flashy effect, and they don't really fit very nicely into any of the other chapters.

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    Anyway, without further adieu, let's first try them out on some text

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    and then get into other elements.

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    So here we have a blank page, as usual, and if we switch over to our text editor,

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    we'll just go ahead and add in an <h1> here and we'll call this Text Reflection.

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    And now we're ready to move on to our styling.

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    Again, as usual, just some basic styling here to bootstrap the page.

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    We need to first style our <h1> just so that we can see it a little bit better.

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    We'll align it center and we'll give it a font-size of 4em--

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    and there we go.

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    Now, first we're going to create the most basic reflection that we possibly can,

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    so on this <h1> here, we're going to add a webkit-box-reflect,

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    which is the name of the property,

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    and I'm going to type below, which we'll get to in a second.

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    So when we save that out and refresh,

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    you can see that we now have reflected text--

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    it's a perfect reflection of what we have right up here.

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    So let's switch back to the code and take a look at this.

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    This first argument is what's called direction.

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    This can be set to the constants above, below, left, or right.

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    So, let's try making this reflect above instead of below.

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    So when I switch back and refresh,

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    you can see that we now have a perfect reflection above our text instead of below it.

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    Pretty nifty.

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    So let's just go ahead and change that back to below--there we go.

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    And now, the next argument is the offset.

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    The offset determines how far away the reflection is relative to the element.

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    Now, all reflection, by default, is actually pretty far away from our text,

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    so let's actually try starting out with a negative value on the offset

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    so that we can draw it in closer to our text.

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    So right after below here, we'll go ahead and put -22px,

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    which is going to put us right up against the text.

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    So when we refresh there, you can see that our reflection is right up against our text,

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    with no space in between.

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    There.

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    Now our reflection is touching the text, and again, this offset is an optional argument.

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    There's one more argument called the mask box image,

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    and this is probably the most complex part of reflections.

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    We can use the alpha channel of transparent images

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    to determine the shape of our reflection.

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    So let's go ahead and add an image mask.

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    So I'll switch back to the text editor,

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    and we do have an images directory here that's above the CSS directory

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    so I'll just go ahead and type the url function here,

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    and we'll jump out of our CSS directory and dive into the images directory

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    and I have an image of the Safari logo, which we'll see a little bit later.

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    I'm going to type 0 and round.

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    So here we have the path to the image,

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    the image offset,

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    and the repeat style, which in this case I'm setting to round,

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    so when we switch back, you can see that we now have

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    kind of a funky looking reflection here,

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    and that's actually the Safari logo shining through,

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    so we'll see that image come up a little bit later.

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    We've created a basic reflection, but there's still more to learn.

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    In the next video, we'll try a few other things with Reflections.

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