Episode 15: Adaptive Images and Responsive SVGs

14:01

In this episode of The Treehouse Show, Nick Pettit (@nickrp) and Jason Seifer (@jseifer) talk about Adaptive Images, Snappy Dashboards, and more.


Video Transcript

  • 0:00

    [The Treehouse Show]

  • 0:02

    Hi, I'm Nick Pettit. >>I'm Jason Seifer.

  • 0:04

    [Pettit] And you're watching The Treehouse Show, your weekly dose of Internet,

  • 0:07

    where we talk about all things web design, web development, and more.

  • 0:11

    [Seifer] In this episode, we'll be talking about responsive image techniques,

  • 0:15

    controlling and customizing your development environment, and more.

  • 0:19

    [Pettit] Let's check it out!

  • 0:21

    [The Treehouse Show]

  • 0:27

    First up is adaptive images, available at adaptive-images.com.

  • 0:33

    On the show, I feel like we've talked about responsive web design

  • 0:37

    every single episode, but it's because it's important.

  • 0:40

    And adaptive images makes it even easier.

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    Basically, when a visitor comes to your website,

  • 0:46

    it will detect the screen size, automatically create a rescaled image,

  • 0:51

    and then cache it so that when the next visitor comes by,

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    that image will be ready to go.

  • 0:59

    It uses a PHP script and hooks into Apache,

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    and it's actually pretty clever in its implementation.

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    But the bottom line is, it will create smaller images

  • 1:11

    that are more appropriately scaled in terms of their file size to smaller mobile devices.

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    [Seifer] So this is going to save time, say, if you're on an iPhone or a mobile device.

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    You're going to get a smaller image and thus the page is going to load quicker,

  • 1:25

    which is good for everybody, I think, in that scenario, right?

  • 1:29

    [Pettit] Exactly. And as it says on the site,

  • 1:33

    your site is being viewed by increasingly smaller, slower,

  • 1:37

    and low bandwidth devices.

  • 1:40

    [Seifer] That's good news. >>Yeah. That's great.

  • 1:43

    [Seifer] Awesome. >>All right.

  • 1:45

    [Seifer] So along those lines, and completely not along those lines,

  • 1:48

    next up is Snappy Dashboards with Redis.

  • 1:52

    Now, Nick, you've probably seen applications where you log into the app

  • 1:56

    and it has a dashboard overview of what's going on,

  • 1:58

    maybe how many clicks were someplace, or a bar graph of what's going on. >>Exactly.

  • 2:04

    [Seifer] Well, it can occasionally be very cumbersome

  • 2:07

    to get at that data if you're using a relational database.

  • 2:10

    This could take a lot of different queries to see the proper information,

  • 2:15

    and it can wind up becoming a little bit expensive.

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    [Pettit] Because you have to pull together all these various pieces of information.

  • 2:22

    [Seifer] Yeah. You have to assemble a whole bunch.

  • 2:23

    So there's an interesting blog post called "Snappy Dashboards with Redis."

  • 2:29

    Now, this talks about using Redis, which is one of these

  • 2:32

    newfangled, NoSQL databases. >>Whoa. >>I know.

  • 2:37

    A lot of words there. A lot of words.

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    But what Redis does is, essentially, it's like a glorified key value store that's persistent.

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    So the technique that they use in this post is concatenating

  • 2:50

    all your different statistics with certain Redis keys

  • 2:53

    that are going to be a lot quicker to increment and decrement.

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    This way, when you want to create a dashboard,

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    you only have to do a limited amount of querying

  • 3:02

    from Redis rather than your database.

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    This is going to result in a lot quicker page use for your users.

  • 3:09

    The blog post has more specific techniques on how they wound up doing this,

  • 3:13

    and the different keys that they wound up using,

  • 3:17

    and even some sample Ruby code in order to do this.

  • 3:20

    This is definitely something that you're going to want to

  • 3:23

    read the show notes for for more information,

  • 3:25

    and you can find the show notes on our YouTube channel

  • 3:28

    at youtube.com/gotreehouse.

  • 3:31

    [Pettit] All right. Go treehouse. So next up,

  • 3:34

    we're going to talk about how to create a responsive SVG.

  • 3:39

    [Seifer] Now, is it true that people are pronounicing SVG as "savage?"

  • 3:42

    [Pettit] No. I think that's actually just you, Jason.

  • 3:45

    [Seifer] Thought I read that somewhere. >>Nope.

  • 3:47

    You just made that up. All right.

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    Actually, we're not going to tell you how to do it, we're going to direct you

  • 3:53

    to this really great blog post that tells you exactly how to do it.

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    And actually, it's very simple.

  • 4:00

    It's very simple to creating a fluid image.

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    Basically, you would create your vector image in Illustrator,

  • 4:09

    and you want to go ahead and export it as an SVG.

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    I am kind of glossing over this a little bit,

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    but ultimately, you'll end up with some HTML that is your SVG,

  • 4:21

    and you can put that into your HTML document, I should say.

  • 4:26

    Then, in your CSS, you can go ahead and set the width to 100%.

  • 4:33

    That's very similar to what you would do for images in a responsive website.

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    What this is going to do is it's going to cause the SVG

  • 4:41

    to take up the full width of its parent element,

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    and that way, if you're resizing the browser in a fluid layout,

  • 4:51

    it will go ahead and just continue to expand or contract proportionally.

  • 4:58

    Pretty nifty, and again, it's very similar to fluid images,

  • 5:02

    but it's something that, I don't know, I wouldn't have known that had I not read it.

  • 5:08

    [Seifer] I'm pretty sure it's pronounced "savages."

  • 5:11

    [Pettit] I think you're right, Jason. I'll let you go on thinking that.

  • 5:14

    [Seifer] Thanks. Next up is our app review.

  • 5:18

    [Pettit] Let's check it out.

  • 5:22

    [App Review]

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    [Seifer] Our app review this week is an app called Shortcat.

  • 5:29

    [Pettit] And that has nothing to do with Longcat. >>Except it's the opposite. >>Got it.

  • 5:34

    [Seifer] Shortcat is a very interesting application for OS X.

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    And this is going to give you the ability to interface with GUI elements using the keyboard.

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    Now, I know that's a little bit strange to say,

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    but you get a command prompt, and--yeah, here we go.

  • 5:52

    Cut to it. You'll notice this little video they have on the site in system preferences.

  • 5:57

    [Pettit] I only notice the really cute cat.

  • 5:59

    [Seifer]. Yeah, look at that. Look at that cat.

  • 6:01

    It's got a little computer mouse hanging from its mouth.

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    [Pettit] That's crazy. >>I know.

  • 6:08

    So the example that they give is in system preferences,

  • 6:10

    and if you wanted to go to the network preference,

  • 6:13

    you do the Shortcat shortcut, and press the letter 'n' for network.

  • 6:20

    Then you can completely navigate around the OS X GUI using Shortcat.

  • 6:26

    What I found that's really interesting is it works with Chrome as well.

  • 6:31

    So let me see if I can get my navigation bar up here

  • 6:33

    So I launch Shortcat with command + shift + space.

  • 6:37

    You see the little cat eyes come up on the bottom of the screen,

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    and if I wanted to access the Chrome menu, I could type 'c,'

  • 6:44

    and you can see in the top right corner of the screen it gets highlighted in green,

  • 6:48

    press enter, and it shows you what's going on.

  • 6:51

    [Pettit] Huh. That's pretty cool. >>Really, really good app.

  • 6:54

    Saves a lot of time.

  • 6:57

    Well, you know. Gives you a lot of shortcuts with Shortcat.

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    [Pettit] And, you know, shortcuts are actually one of those interesting things

  • 7:03

    that, they never seem like they're going to save a lot of time,

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    but actually moving your mouse around the screen, as lazy as this sounds,

  • 7:12

    it does take a lot of time to click on small, little buttons.

  • 7:16

    So anything that you can do with the keyboard is probably going to speed up your workflow.

  • 7:21

    In fact, Jason introduced me to Gmail shortcuts in 2012.

  • 7:27

    [Seifer] I don't know how you lived. >>I didn't, Jason. Not until now.

  • 7:30

    [Seifer] You weren't really living. >>Exactly.

  • 7:33

    So next up is Enquire.js, which is available at this really long URL

  • 7:40

    which will be in the lower third.

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    Basically, Enquire.js is a way for you to include media queries in JavaScript.

  • 7:51

    [Seifer] So that's what it does. Inquiring minds wanted to know. >>Huh. >>Huh. >>Okay, enough.

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    This sounds a little bit crazy, and that might be what you're inquiring about, Jason.

  • 8:06

    Including media queries in your JavaScript sounds a little strange, right?

  • 8:10

    You normally include media queries in your CSS.

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    When you're creating a responsive design,

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    you want to go ahead and create your fluid grid,

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    and then as that starts to break down towards

  • 8:23

    smaller and smaller or larger and larger screen sizes,

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    you use media queries to apply different CSS to change the layout.

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    Now, in JavaScript, you can actually do something very similar,

  • 8:37

    but instead of applying different styling,

  • 8:40

    Enquire.js allows you to apply different JavaScript.

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    So as you start to get towards a larger screen size or a smaller screen size,

  • 8:50

    there might be different functions that you want to use

  • 8:54

    or different pieces of JavaScript entirely.

  • 8:58

    And you don't necessarily need it in other types of layouts.

  • 9:02

    So that's pretty handy, because it's probably going to end up

  • 9:04

    saving you CPU cycles when you're not executing different pieces of code.

  • 9:10

    So it's pretty nifty. >>I think it'll also clean up your code quite a bit,

  • 9:13

    whereas rather than hooking in to the window resize event

  • 9:16

    and checking the width and duplicating all of that,

  • 9:19

    just put in the media query. >>Yeah, exactly.

  • 9:22

    And the nice thing about it is it's super, super tiny.

  • 9:25

    I think it's only like a kilobyte or less, something like that.

  • 9:30

    And it doesn't have any dependencies, so you don't need jQuery.

  • 9:34

    You can just go ahead and use Enquire.js in your next web project

  • 9:38

    and enjoy blissful JavaScript goodness.

  • 9:43

    [Seifer] That, I think, is the show title.

  • 9:45

    "Blissful JavaScript Goodness." >>Got it.

  • 9:48

    [Seifer] Next up, there is a great blog post over on the NetTuts blog

  • 9:52

    on how to customize your command prompt.

  • 9:55

    As you may have been able to tell with the Shortcat review,

  • 9:58

    I really like knowing exactly what's going on on my system

  • 10:02

    and having shortcuts going around.

  • 10:05

    So if you're working in the terminal a lot,

  • 10:08

    this blog post will show you what you can do to customize different parts of it.

  • 10:12

    So if you want to see what Git branch you're on

  • 10:15

    or what directory you're currently in,

  • 10:18

    as well as the name of your computer, in this case, Mothership.

  • 10:21

    That's an okay name; I don't know if I'm totally sold.

  • 10:23

    I would probably go with something different, like Battlestar.

  • 10:28

    So this is just a really thorough blog post on how to go through

  • 10:31

    and customize your command prompt as well as some other tips

  • 10:34

    on maybe using a different command prompt or command shell.

  • 10:38

    So check that out. We'll have that in the show notes as well,

  • 10:41

    which is on our YouTube channel.

  • 10:43

    [Pettit] At youtube.com/gotreehouse. >>Yes.

  • 10:46

    [Pettit] Thank you. All right, next up is Grid-A-Licious,

  • 10:50

    and this is a really, really cool project

  • 10:53

    that's actually been around for quite some time.

  • 10:56

    It's been around since 2008. >>So why are we talking about it now?

  • 11:00

    [Pettit] Well, Jason, because it's still relevant.

  • 11:02

    I'm just going to go ahead and click around a little bit here.

  • 11:06

    So if I go ahead and click on these small little icons

  • 11:10

    that represent various device screen sizes,

  • 11:14

    you can see how Grid-A-Licious responds to those sizes.

  • 11:20

    [Seifer] Oh, it looks like it reflows your grid. >>Exactly.

  • 11:23

    Now-- >>That's delicious!

  • 11:25

    [Pettit] If I go ahead and scroll down here,

  • 11:28

    you can see that the cool thing about Grid-A-Licious

  • 11:30

    is that it compacts all of those different little divs, or boxes, into a smaller space.

  • 11:41

    Because sometimes when you have a row of elements that are different heights,

  • 11:46

    you'll get some weird spacing when you go down to the next row,

  • 11:49

    because if an element is really short and it's next to a really tall element,

  • 11:54

    you'll still have all of that space below the shorter one.

  • 11:58

    But the nice thing about Grid-A-Licious is that it compacts all those and sticks them all together.

  • 12:04

    So if you've ever checked out, say, Pinterest, this is kind of the layout that they have.

  • 12:08

    It's all sort of squished together. >>Oh, nice.

  • 12:12

    So they can recreate Pinterest. >>Exactly.

  • 12:15

    If you're looking to recreate Pinterest, this would be a great way to get started.

  • 12:20

    Now, in these examples you can go ahead and see what happens

  • 12:23

    when you append various elements, and they're randomly sized.

  • 12:28

    You can also prepend rows, and you can see how those might get filled in.

  • 12:33

    So it's pretty nifty, and, of course, this has been around a while,

  • 12:37

    but the thing that's new about it is that it's now responsive,

  • 12:41

    which is-- >>A thing. >>It's a thing.

  • 12:44

    It's pretty important. >>I guess. >>Yeah.

  • 12:48

    [Seifer] That's a cool project. >>Yeah, very cool.

  • 12:50

    I'm really pretty impressed by it.

  • 12:52

    [Seifer] It's delicious. >>Love it.

  • 12:59

    [Seifer] All right. Well, I think that's about out of time for us.

  • 13:01

    [Pettit] Jason, what did we learn today?

  • 13:03

    [Seifer] We learned that we're actually moving backwards in web time.

  • 13:07

    [Pettit] It's true. Screens are getting smaller, devices are getting slower,

  • 13:11

    and there's less and less bandwidth all the time.

  • 13:14

    Eventually, we're going to end up at a singularity,

  • 13:16

    where there's just no Internet at all.

  • 13:19

    [Seifer] I do not look forward to that day. >>Yeah.

  • 13:21

    I think it's the end of 2012, from what I've heard. >>Uh-oh.

  • 13:23

    Wow. I've got some emails to send and some web browsing to do.

  • 13:28

    So who are you on Twitter? >>I'm @NICKRP.

  • 13:31

    [Seifer] And I am @JSEIFER. We want to thank you so much

  • 13:33

    for tuning in to this episode of The Treehouse Show.

  • 13:36

    For show notes and more, check out our YouTube channel at youtube.com/gotreehouse.

  • 13:41

    [Pettit] And, of course, if you'd like to check out more videos like this one,

  • 13:45

    and learn about web design, web development, iOS, Android, and business,

  • 13:49

    be sure to check us out at teamtreehouse.com.

  • 13:52

    That's it for this week, and thank you so much for watching.

  • 13:58

    [The Treehouse Show]

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Instructors

  • Nick Pettit

    Nick is a designer, public speaker, teacher at Treehouse, and co-host of The Treehouse Show. His Twitter handle is @nickrp.

  • Jason Seifer

    When not fighting web crime, Jason Seifer is a teacher at Treehouse. He's passionate about the web and programming. You can find Jason on Twitter at @jseifer and on his personal blog at jasonseifer.com.