Color Basics3:22 with Shon Dempsey
In this video, we will talk about the basics of color and how it can affect your overall project.
- Color Space - A defined range of colors and tones represented in your image file. Gamut - The amount of colors within a given color space
Now that we've learned about displays, pixel density, and printing, we wanna make 0:00 the most out of color to help achieve our goal of accuracy and quality. 0:04 We already know that displays output color in a combination of red, green, and blue. 0:09 And most printed images use ink colors of cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. 0:14 Let's take a look at color space. 0:20 A color space will determine the volume of colors and tones represented in your file. 0:23 Some common named color spaces you'll see are Prophoto RGB, 0:28 Adobe RGB, sRGB, and CMYK. 0:34 While there are a few other color spaces, these are the most common. 0:39 You've probably already noticed that three of the four are concerned with RGB. 0:43 These are focused on displays and digital cameras. 0:48 And our ability to accurately view these different color spaces is 0:52 also dependent on our display technology and how much tinkering you want to do 0:55 to match your image to the end result display or print. 1:00 Photographers may want to work in one of those RGB modes 1:05 before printing to fine-tune and make any adjustments. 1:09 So which color mode should you choose and why? 1:14 To answer that question, we need to find out our end goal for 1:18 our project, print or display. 1:22 A simplified breakdown might look like this. 1:25 Prophoto RGB is great for high-end photography and 1:29 very fine color adjustments. 1:33 Nearly each time you'll want to export your image into a smaller profile. 1:36 The software will re-map to a different color mode as best as it can. 1:41 Adobe RGB is common for photo editing and adjustments. 1:46 Many digital cameras also support the JPG photos in this profile. 1:51 You'll want to export to CMYK for offset printing. 1:56 And some presses may accept Adobe RGB. 2:00 sRGB is best for the widest variety of displays and the web. 2:04 And CMYK is best when you're setting up a file for print. 2:10 Now, this is certainly just a guideline and 2:14 really depends on your workflow, technology, and end product. 2:17 There are also many other color spaces, mostly very specialized. 2:21 There's also a chance your display may not accurately represent your color mode. 2:26 There's software available to help tune your display and 2:31 its capabilities to match your color mode. 2:34 Finally, if you're considering the file size for any reason, such as for an app or 2:38 the web, you'll likely wanna stick to sRGB's smaller gamut, as other color modes 2:43 will certainly increase your file size, typically without any perceivable benefit. 2:49 There is a lot of information on the web for anyone 2:54 who'd like to further explore color space and how it might fit into your workflow. 2:58 It really depends on how concerned about color accuracy you are, 3:03 both in your final product, your display while you're making adjustments, or 3:07 laying out assets into a file you intend to print. 3:11 There is software, gadgets, and 3:15 all sorts of things to help you fine-tune your workflow from photo to print 3:17
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