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Introduction to Licensing2:52 with Chris Zabriskie
Licensing is what lets us get permission to use the copyrighted works of others. It also lets us grant permission to use the things we create.
[Copyright Basics with Chris Zabriskie] 0:00 [Licensing Deep Dive] 0:02 Licensing is a relatively simple but incredibly powerful concept. 0:04 And it's vital anyone working with the web understands it. 0:09 When we talk about licensing what we're basically saying is permission. 0:14 We're giving or receiving permission to use something. 0:17 The government gives you a license to drive, for example. 0:22 You have to promise to abide by a set of rules that they give you in order to keep using that driver's license. 0:25 But as long as you do, you're all good. They won't take it away from you. 0:31 So a licensee, the driver in this case, and a licensor, the department of motor vehicles, 0:35 agrees to a set of terms that allow the licensee, the driver, to drive a car. 0:42 This is basically how most licenses work. 0:48 Someone gives you permission to use something that they created, own, or control. 0:51 I mean Nintendo aren't the only ones manufacturing every single thing in the world that has Mario on it, for example. 0:55 Toothbrushes, pencils, backpacks—all of those are made by different companies that obtain a license from Nintendo 1:01 to use Mario on their products. 1:08 You license things all the time without realizing it. 1:11 I mean be honest, whenever you install iTunes you never read the EULA, do you? 1:14 You just click "Agree". 1:19 What does EULA stand for? 1:21 End User License Agreement. 1:23 Every time you click that "Agree" button, you're agreeing to the license terms. 1:26 You don't own iTunes. 1:31 You are just licensing a copy of it for your personal use. 1:34 So all that text, everything in there, you're saying "okay" to that license agreement. 1:38 Which means you agree to, among other things, 1:43 and I quote "not use these products for any purposes prohibited by United States law, including, without limitation, 1:46 the development, design, manufacture or production of nuclear, missiles, or chemical or biological weapons." 1:54 Now I know what you might be thinking. 2:03 "But iTunes is free. Well why do I need to license it?" 2:05 Well to license something does not necessarily mean to pay for it. 2:09 There are lots of different types of licenses. 2:13 Many licenses are accompanied by payment of some kind, 2:16 but there's also a great many free licenses out there. 2:19 You might have heard of Open Source software, Creative Commons, MIT Licenses, GPL, even Microsoft has their own free licenses. 2:23 Ultimately any two parties, whether people or companies, can write and agree to licenses. 2:32 Most licenses are written by lawyers, but there's no law saying that they have to be. 2:39 And there's no specific way they have to be written or formatted. 2:44 As long as both parties agree to it, you've got yourself a license. 2:47
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