Format, Line & Shape5:00 with Mat Helme
In this video we will cover Format, Line & Shape and how they are used in design.
Welcome to 0:01 our second stage in Design Foundations, where we'll learn the 0:05 importance of aesthetics, and why they are so valuable to design. 0:09 In this video, we'll cover format, line and shape. 0:14 All designs start off with a blank substance, whether it 0:20 be a blank piece of paper or a blank file. 0:23 These raw mediums or spaces all have size and shape, even if it's digital. 0:26 This space is called the format of the design. 0:33 It's where everything is arranged. 0:36 This could be two-dimensional or three-dimensional. 0:39 The format of the design can portray the overall mood of the designer. 0:43 Take a digital tablet for example. 0:48 When we are in portrait mode, as opposed 0:50 to landscape mode, we get two entirely different layouts. 0:52 This is due to the change in format. 0:57 The format always needs to be considered before we begin the design. 1:00 Once the format is established, we then are ready to design. 1:05 Always keep in mind the format. 1:10 Also, remember every two-dimensional design has two 1:12 parts: the picture plane and the frame. 1:16 The picture plane is the space where the design is taking place. 1:19 The frame is the outer edge of the picture plane. 1:24 The frame specifies where the design stops. 1:29 The frame can be visible or implied. 1:33 It can have a visual indicator, or a contrast. 1:36 We always want to start a design with a format in mind and have the 1:40 understanding that where the picture plane ends and if the frame will appear. 1:46 If you're getting ready to design a website 1:52 that is displayed on multiple devices and screen sizes 1:55 or formats, make sure to keep in mind the 1:58 formats, so you can adjust for future design layouts. 2:01 Next up, we have line. 2:06 One of the easiest elements of design to understand, are lines. 2:09 A line is a long, narrow mark or band passing through a point. 2:13 Before we understand a line, we must understand what a point is. 2:18 In most cases, the line has a beginning and end point, where it starts and stops. 2:23 The indication of the start and stop areas are the points. 2:29 The connection in between is the line, or 2:33 long narrow mark, or band passing through a point. 2:36 You can have multiple points in one path. 2:39 We now understand what a line is. 2:43 Let's look at the different variations of line and how 2:45 we can use them to identify an aesthetically pleasing design. 2:48 Let's take a look at an arc. 2:52 An arc is a line that has two points, the start and stop points. 2:54 But the line can bend away from the points, then reaching the end point. 2:58 When we're talking about the thickness of 3:05 the line, we're talking about the line weight. 3:08 When we're talking about where it starts 3:11 and stops, this refers to the line's length. 3:13 Now there's different variations to lines. 3:18 There's organic. 3:20 There's symmetrical. 3:22 Then we have rough. 3:23 And then a jagged line. 3:25 We can also have line variety, which is a mixture of these variations. 3:27 When we create illustrations with just using lines,. 3:32 This is called contour lines. 3:36 When dealing with lines, we can have organized or unorganized lines. 3:39 Also, we can use negative space to show where a line may be. 3:44 When dealing with graphic design, a lot of designers use what we like to call a 3:50 grid, which is comprised of horizontal and vertical 3:55 lines crossing one another, that are evenly spaced. 4:00 These are called grids. 4:03 We use these to line up specific objects or whatever the subject matter may be. 4:05 Lines can also form shapes as well as textures. 4:12 Next let's take a look at shapes. 4:16 Shape is an external form or appearance of something. 4:19 Lines and points are the building blocks of shapes. 4:23 Also, incomplete contour paths can create shapes. 4:27 Let's take a look at a geometric shape, versus an organic shape. 4:31 Now let's take a look at how these examples are in 4:37 everyday life, like architecture and furniture; even with our mobile devices. 4:40 Knowing your format, or formats, prior to design is crucial. 4:46 Now that we have a solid understanding of what format, line, and shape are, 4:50 and how they play a huge roll in design, let's take a quick quiz. 4:55
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