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When writing programs, you may need to do trigonometric or transcendental math. Learn how to access this functionality using the Math library.

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[? upbeat music ?] [Treehouse]

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In this video we'll be learning about the math library.

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You can use the math library in case you ever need to perform any geometric or trigonomic functions on the numbers you're working with.

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Occasionally you may find yourself needing to do higher level math

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or dealing with trigonometric or transcendental functions.

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Ruby has a library for this called appropriately the math library.

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You can find the documentation for the math library on the ruby.doc.org website.

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Let's take a brief look at how we could use the math library in our day to day programming.

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You'll see in the math library that there are 2 constants that we have that we can use:

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the constant E, constant PI.

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Let's take a look at how we can use those in our programs.

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Ruby already loads the math library for us,

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so if we want to access these things we can use the name of the module,

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in this case math, and if we want to get at the constants, in this case E,

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we do that by typing 2 colons.

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That lets us get to a constant inside of the module,

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and we can see the value of E right there.

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This also works for PI,

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and we can see Ruby gives us back the value that it has for PI.

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You can browse the math library to see what kind of functions you might need to use throughout your code.

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There are functions for signs, cosigns, tangents, square roots,

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a lot of things that you might need.

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When you're looking at documentation you'll see that some functions accept arguments.

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In the case of the log function right here

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it's listed as accepting 2 arguments.

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The first one can be a number and the second one can be the base.

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The second argument is not specifically required.

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If it's given, they'll use that as the base of the logarithm.

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If not, it'll use base 10.

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Let's see how that works right now.

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And that returns the log of 12.

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Now let's try sending in a different base.

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And you can see we get a different answer back.

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If you'd like to browse the math library you can do so on the ruby.doc.org website.

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[? upbeat music ?]

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And that was an overview of the math library available to you.

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If you'd like more information you can check out the documentation in the Ruby standard library.

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