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Now that you know how to create numbers, it's time to operate on them! This video shows you how to perform mathematical functions on numbers in your ruby programs.

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[? upbeat music ?] [Treehouse]

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In this video we'll be learning about the different operators available to us in Ruby.

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These include things like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and more.

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Now we're going to be talking about operators in Ruby.

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Operators let you perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and more when working with numbers.

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Let's get started and I'll show you some examples.

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Let's say we have the number 10.

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If we wanted to add 10 to that we could use the addition operator.

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We do that by using the plus sign,

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and as you can see we get back 20, just like we would expect.

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Next we'll check out the subtraction operator,

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and as you can see subtracting 10 from 10 gives us 0.

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There's also the multiplication operator

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and that gives us 100, just like we'd expect.

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We'll also check out the division operator.

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This is represented using a slash,

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and that also functions just like we would expect.

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An operator you'll probably be familiar with from working in other languages is the modulus operator.

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This is represented using the percent sign.

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This divides the left operator by the right operator

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and returns the remainder.

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In the case of dividing 10 by 10 there is no remainder,

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so we get back 0.

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Finally, we have the exponent operator,

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and this performs exponential calculations.

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We could do 10 to the tenth power,

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and we get back exactly what we would expect.

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Each of these operators also works with assignment.

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Let's say we had a variable.

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We're going to call it number and we'll set that equal to 10.

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If we wanted to add 10 to that number

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we could use the addition operator and an equal sign.

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That returns 20.

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It also adds 10 to our original variable,

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and we can see here that 20 is the current value of number.

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This works for each of the different operators.

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It also works for the exponential operator.

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Something else to keep in mind when dealing with numbers in Ruby

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is the order of operations.

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This functions just as it does in regular math, so let's check it out.

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In this case, Ruby will use the multiplication operator first

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and the subtraction operator second,

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and that functions exactly like we'd expect.

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[? upbeat music ?]

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In this video we learned how to operate on the numbers we created in our first video.

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In our next video we'll learn how to compare numbers to each other.

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