1 00:00:01,240 --> 00:00:02,110 Welcome to 2 00:00:05,330 --> 00:00:09,560 our second stage in Design Foundations, where we'll learn the 3 00:00:09,560 --> 00:00:14,250 importance of aesthetics, and why they are so valuable to design. 4 00:00:14,250 --> 00:00:18,189 In this video, we'll cover format, line and shape. 5 00:00:20,060 --> 00:00:23,300 All designs start off with a blank substance, whether it 6 00:00:23,300 --> 00:00:26,700 be a blank piece of paper or a blank file. 7 00:00:26,700 --> 00:00:33,060 These raw mediums or spaces all have size and shape, even if it's digital. 8 00:00:33,060 --> 00:00:36,960 This space is called the format of the design. 9 00:00:36,960 --> 00:00:38,500 It's where everything is arranged. 10 00:00:39,570 --> 00:00:42,020 This could be two-dimensional or three-dimensional. 11 00:00:43,140 --> 00:00:48,050 The format of the design can portray the overall mood of the designer. 12 00:00:48,050 --> 00:00:50,620 Take a digital tablet for example. 13 00:00:50,620 --> 00:00:52,660 When we are in portrait mode, as opposed 14 00:00:52,660 --> 00:00:57,180 to landscape mode, we get two entirely different layouts. 15 00:00:57,180 --> 00:00:59,010 This is due to the change in format. 16 00:01:00,110 --> 00:01:04,430 The format always needs to be considered before we begin the design. 17 00:01:05,520 --> 00:01:10,150 Once the format is established, we then are ready to design. 18 00:01:10,150 --> 00:01:11,670 Always keep in mind the format. 19 00:01:12,880 --> 00:01:16,045 Also, remember every two-dimensional design has two 20 00:01:16,045 --> 00:01:19,990 parts: the picture plane and the frame. 21 00:01:19,990 --> 00:01:24,640 The picture plane is the space where the design is taking place. 22 00:01:24,640 --> 00:01:29,170 The frame is the outer edge of the picture plane. 23 00:01:29,170 --> 00:01:33,090 The frame specifies where the design stops. 24 00:01:33,090 --> 00:01:36,530 The frame can be visible or implied. 25 00:01:36,530 --> 00:01:39,900 It can have a visual indicator, or a contrast. 26 00:01:40,980 --> 00:01:46,060 We always want to start a design with a format in mind and have the 27 00:01:46,060 --> 00:01:51,790 understanding that where the picture plane ends and if the frame will appear. 28 00:01:52,840 --> 00:01:55,050 If you're getting ready to design a website 29 00:01:55,050 --> 00:01:58,760 that is displayed on multiple devices and screen sizes 30 00:01:58,760 --> 00:02:01,590 or formats, make sure to keep in mind the 31 00:02:01,590 --> 00:02:05,370 formats, so you can adjust for future design layouts. 32 00:02:06,680 --> 00:02:07,950 Next up, we have line. 33 00:02:09,060 --> 00:02:13,820 One of the easiest elements of design to understand, are lines. 34 00:02:13,820 --> 00:02:18,610 A line is a long, narrow mark or band passing through a point. 35 00:02:18,610 --> 00:02:23,030 Before we understand a line, we must understand what a point is. 36 00:02:23,030 --> 00:02:29,070 In most cases, the line has a beginning and end point, where it starts and stops. 37 00:02:29,070 --> 00:02:33,170 The indication of the start and stop areas are the points. 38 00:02:33,170 --> 00:02:36,380 The connection in between is the line, or 39 00:02:36,380 --> 00:02:39,910 long narrow mark, or band passing through a point. 40 00:02:39,910 --> 00:02:41,880 You can have multiple points in one path. 41 00:02:43,100 --> 00:02:45,090 We now understand what a line is. 42 00:02:45,090 --> 00:02:48,160 Let's look at the different variations of line and how 43 00:02:48,160 --> 00:02:51,350 we can use them to identify an aesthetically pleasing design. 44 00:02:52,430 --> 00:02:54,200 Let's take a look at an arc. 45 00:02:54,200 --> 00:02:58,810 An arc is a line that has two points, the start and stop points. 46 00:02:58,810 --> 00:03:04,630 But the line can bend away from the points, then reaching the end point. 47 00:03:05,680 --> 00:03:08,170 When we're talking about the thickness of 48 00:03:08,170 --> 00:03:11,280 the line, we're talking about the line weight. 49 00:03:11,280 --> 00:03:13,430 When we're talking about where it starts 50 00:03:13,430 --> 00:03:16,880 and stops, this refers to the line's length. 51 00:03:18,000 --> 00:03:20,720 Now there's different variations to lines. 52 00:03:20,720 --> 00:03:22,160 There's organic. 53 00:03:22,160 --> 00:03:23,660 There's symmetrical. 54 00:03:23,660 --> 00:03:25,180 Then we have rough. 55 00:03:25,180 --> 00:03:27,260 And then a jagged line. 56 00:03:27,260 --> 00:03:31,730 We can also have line variety, which is a mixture of these variations. 57 00:03:32,750 --> 00:03:36,550 When we create illustrations with just using lines,. 58 00:03:36,550 --> 00:03:38,170 This is called contour lines. 59 00:03:39,490 --> 00:03:44,930 When dealing with lines, we can have organized or unorganized lines. 60 00:03:44,930 --> 00:03:49,260 Also, we can use negative space to show where a line may be. 61 00:03:50,370 --> 00:03:55,820 When dealing with graphic design, a lot of designers use what we like to call a 62 00:03:55,820 --> 00:04:00,060 grid, which is comprised of horizontal and vertical 63 00:04:00,060 --> 00:04:03,850 lines crossing one another, that are evenly spaced. 64 00:04:03,850 --> 00:04:05,570 These are called grids. 65 00:04:05,570 --> 00:04:11,170 We use these to line up specific objects or whatever the subject matter may be. 66 00:04:12,300 --> 00:04:16,370 Lines can also form shapes as well as textures. 67 00:04:16,370 --> 00:04:18,590 Next let's take a look at shapes. 68 00:04:19,700 --> 00:04:23,330 Shape is an external form or appearance of something. 69 00:04:23,330 --> 00:04:27,000 Lines and points are the building blocks of shapes. 70 00:04:27,000 --> 00:04:31,420 Also, incomplete contour paths can create shapes. 71 00:04:31,420 --> 00:04:35,870 Let's take a look at a geometric shape, versus an organic shape. 72 00:04:37,030 --> 00:04:40,340 Now let's take a look at how these examples are in 73 00:04:40,340 --> 00:04:46,270 everyday life, like architecture and furniture; even with our mobile devices. 74 00:04:46,270 --> 00:04:50,900 Knowing your format, or formats, prior to design is crucial. 75 00:04:50,900 --> 00:04:55,760 Now that we have a solid understanding of what format, line, and shape are, 76 00:04:55,760 --> 00:04:59,200 and how they play a huge roll in design, let's take a quick quiz.