1 00:00:00,000 --> 00:00:03,590 [Mat Helme] In this video, you'll understand what makes a great composition 2 00:00:04,090 --> 00:00:06,990 and the different compositional techniques. 3 00:00:07,150 --> 00:00:09,280 Let's have a look. 4 00:00:10,270 --> 00:00:17,320 In design, composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a layout. 5 00:00:17,770 --> 00:00:21,750 When we view the composition, we immediately compare to the elements 6 00:00:21,750 --> 00:00:25,400 and look at the interaction of the elements as a whole. 7 00:00:25,750 --> 00:00:29,540 Now, the way the composition is organized refers to its structure. 8 00:00:29,940 --> 00:00:33,570 We look at the structure as a blueprint of the composition. 9 00:00:34,020 --> 00:00:37,550 This structure can be loose or it can be rigid. 10 00:00:37,920 --> 00:00:40,800 When we first start adding in elements to our composition, 11 00:00:41,250 --> 00:00:43,420 we are adding in positive shapes. 12 00:00:43,760 --> 00:00:46,470 Positive shapes are elements that stand out to us. 13 00:00:46,910 --> 00:00:54,410 This grouping of positive shapes, or elements, immediately forms a complete figure or creates a foreground. 14 00:00:55,220 --> 00:00:59,650 On the other hand, we are left with an area where there is empty space. 15 00:01:00,060 --> 00:01:02,280 This is commonly known as the background. 16 00:01:03,150 --> 00:01:07,690 These 2 distinctions are very crucial in forming a complete composition. 17 00:01:08,160 --> 00:01:11,290 This is why it's important to consider both as equals. 18 00:01:12,030 --> 00:01:15,510 Keep in mind, they share the same edges with one another. 19 00:01:15,950 --> 00:01:21,590 The dependencies of the foreground and background, and vice versa, are very important to one another— 20 00:01:21,870 --> 00:01:24,020 without one, the other one wouldn't exist. 21 00:01:24,700 --> 00:01:28,850 This relationship is referred to as the figure-ground. 22 00:01:29,410 --> 00:01:34,830 When designing, it's always important to understand what the foreground and background are 23 00:01:35,280 --> 00:01:38,660 and to treat them as 2 separate whole objects. 24 00:01:39,220 --> 00:01:43,110 We then use these 2 groupings to balance one another. 25 00:01:43,530 --> 00:01:47,750 When the 2 become so similar, like a complex repeating pattern, 26 00:01:48,270 --> 00:01:54,800 it then is referred to as the reversible figure-ground, or an equal inverse. 27 00:01:55,310 --> 00:01:59,120 In most cases, these are intentional in a design— 28 00:01:59,120 --> 00:02:03,860 depending on the designer and the type of solution that is being conveyed. 29 00:02:04,270 --> 00:02:08,350 Now that we understand what a composition is and the key points of balance, 30 00:02:08,720 --> 00:02:11,200 let's take a look at compositional techniques. 31 00:02:12,170 --> 00:02:14,650 There are many different compositional techniques. 32 00:02:14,760 --> 00:02:17,360 I would like to share a few of my favorites— 33 00:02:18,420 --> 00:02:21,750 the first, and most popular technique, is the rule of thirds. 34 00:02:22,270 --> 00:02:27,290 The rule of thirds is a way to cut the composition up into 9 different sections 35 00:02:27,290 --> 00:02:33,620 and use the opposing sections to balance one another or to highlight a specific element. 36 00:02:34,510 --> 00:02:37,560 The next technique is the rule of odds. 37 00:02:38,060 --> 00:02:45,910 The rule of odds simply states that an odd number of objects is more pleasing than an even number of objects. 38 00:02:46,530 --> 00:02:53,330 If you notice in a still object painting, there is usually an odd number of objects, rather than an even number, 39 00:02:53,330 --> 00:02:56,960 and this all has to do with the rule of odds. 40 00:02:57,730 --> 00:03:01,350 The last technique I'd like to share with you is the rule of space. 41 00:03:02,140 --> 00:03:04,480 This technique is geared toward creating movement. 42 00:03:04,790 --> 00:03:10,080 Say if we want to make a still image to have a moving object, like a man running, 43 00:03:10,610 --> 00:03:15,890 we simply leave negative space in front of him—see what happens here is this: 44 00:03:16,260 --> 00:03:22,520 the eye is immediately drawn to the foreground objects and moves to the main object, being the person. 45 00:03:22,830 --> 00:03:26,210 Then, once the eye proceeds to the white space, 46 00:03:26,210 --> 00:03:32,020 it doesn't know where to go but back to the person, thus creating the illusion of movement. 47 00:03:33,250 --> 00:03:38,780 We now understand what makes up a solid composition and the different composition techniques. 48 00:03:39,320 --> 00:03:44,780 Let's now take a quick quiz before jumping into space and grouping in our next video.