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Overflow and Wrapping

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In this video, you'll learn how to condense text using CSS3 properties like text-overflow and word-wrap. This is useful when in designs with fixed amount of spaces for text.

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    [?mellow guitar music?]

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    [Think Vitamin Membership - Est. 2010] [membership.thinkvitamin.com]

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    [CSS3 Typography - Overflow and Wrapping with Nick Pettit]

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    CSS3 provides a few new ways to manage text in situations

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    where there may not be enough room to fit it all.

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    In this video,we'll introduce a few new properties.

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    Sometimes when you're making a website,

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    you don't always have all the room you need for text.

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    You might need to crunch text into a very narrow space,

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    even if that means that text will get cut off.

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    For example, if you're designing a blog

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    and you have a fixed amount of space for the title of a post,

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    what happens when the text you type in

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    exceeds the space you've allocated in your design?

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    Well, fortunately, there are a few CSS3 properties

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    that can help us handle situations like that.

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    So here, we have a basic HTML page,

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    we have some lorem ipsum text and a URL,

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    which we'll get to a little bit later in.

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    It's pretty basic HTML--we just have a wrapper div,

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    some paragraphs, and that's pretty much it.

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    And for the styling, we just have some boilerplate stuff

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    for the body, and some styling for the wrapper to center the page.

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    So the first property we're going to look at is text overflow,

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    and text overflow basically will clip text if it overflows the bounds of an element.

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    First, we'll go ahead and apply a class to this paragraph so that we can select it.

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    We'll call this one clip <p class="clip">

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    and we'll go ahead and make some room so that we can work.

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    We'll select our paragraph and we'll give it a width of 400px.

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    Let's go ahead and see what that looks like in the browser.

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    You can see that our text is being constrained here, as you would normally expect,

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    so let's go ahead and set the overflow value to hidden,

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    we'll set white-space: nowrap;

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    and we'll set text-overflow: clip;

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    So here you can see that our text is now being clipped off at the end here.

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    So now, we'll go ahead and switch back to our text editor

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    and we'll try a different value for our text overflow property,

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    because while clip looks okay, it's not exactly ideal.

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    It would be nice if we could put in a little ellipses there

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    so that people know that the text is sort of ending

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    and we can do just that using the ellipses value.

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    So we'll actually go ahead and set another class on our next paragraph here,

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    and we'll go ahead and call this one class="ellipsis"

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    and we'll select that paragraph

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    and we're just going to copy and paste all of our styles here

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    because we're actually just going to change this one value here,

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    text-overflow: ellipsis;

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    and when we switch back to the browser and refresh,

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    you can see that we have our nice three little dots there.

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    So now we're going to try and crunch this URL.

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    It's not really ideal to put an ellipses or just cut it off,

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    so instead, we're going to use another property called word wrap.

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    So we'll go ahead and put a class on our paragraph here,

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    and then we'll select that p.wordwrap {

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    and we'll give it a width: 400px;

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    and then we'll apply the property word-wrap and we'll use the value break-word.

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    And when we switch back to the browser and refresh,

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    you can see that this URL is now being constrained by 400px

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    and the word is being dropped down to the next line.

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    This is really useful in situations where you have a limited amount of space

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    and you need to display a long string with no spaces.

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    Another example might just be a really long word,

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    like supercalifragilisticexpalidocious.

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    That's it for text overflow and word wrap.

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    In the next video we'll learn how to create multi-column layouts.

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    [?mellow guitar music?]

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    [Think Vitamin Membership - Est. 2010] [membership.thinkvitamin.com]

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