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JavaScript JavaScript and the DOM (Retiring) Getting a Handle on the DOM Practice Selecting Elements

kazue watanabe
kazue watanabe
3,814 Points

how can i select elements inside the tag? I would like to use getElementsByTagName('nav').querySelectorAll('li') but it

how can i select elements inside the tag? I would like to use document.getElementsByTagName('nav').querySelectorAll('li') but it doesn't work

js/app.js
let navigationLinks = document.querySelectorAll('li');
let galleryLinks;
let footerImages;
index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Nick Pettit | Designer</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/normalize.css">
    <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Changa+One|Open+Sans:400italic,700italic,400,700,800' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/main.css">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/responsive.css">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  </head>
  <body>
    <header>
      <a href="index.html" id="logo">
        <h1>Nick Pettit</h1>
        <h2>Designer</h2>
      </a>
      <nav>
        <ul>
          <li><a href="index.html" class="selected">Portfolio</a></li>
          <li><a href="about.html">About</a></li>
          <li><a href="contact.html">Contact</a></li>
        </ul>
      </nav>
    </header>
    <div id="wrapper">
      <section>
        <ul id="gallery">
          <li>
            <a href="img/numbers-01.jpg">
              <img src="img/numbers-01.jpg" alt="">
              <p>Experimentation with color and texture.</p>
            </a>
          </li>
          <li>
            <a href="img/numbers-02.jpg">
              <img src="img/numbers-02.jpg" alt="">
              <p>Playing with blending modes in Photoshop.</p>
            </a>
          </li>
        </ul>
      </section>
      <footer>
        <a href="http://twitter.com/nickrp"><img src="img/twitter-wrap.png" alt="Twitter Logo" class="social-icon"></a>
        <a href="http://facebook.com/nickpettit"><img src="img/facebook-wrap.png" alt="Facebook Logo" class="social-icon"></a>
        <p>&copy; 2016 Nick Pettit.</p>
      </footer>
    </div>
  <script src="js/app.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>

4 Answers

David Bath
David Bath
25,939 Points

I think your problem is that getElementsByTagName('nav') returns a collection, and you just need a single element. Try getElementsByTagName('nav')[0].querySelectorAll('li')

kazue watanabe
kazue watanabe
3,814 Points

Thanks David. I tried that but it still doesn't work. :(

Give this a try.

for (var i = 0; i < navigationLinks.length; i++){
   console.log(navigationLinks[i]);
}
Gary Boyer
Gary Boyer
3,622 Points

You can access them like this:

let navigationLinks = document.querySelectorAll("nav a");