Welcome to the Treehouse Community

The Treehouse Community is a meeting place for developers, designers, and programmers of all backgrounds and skill levels to get support. Collaborate here on code errors or bugs that you need feedback on, or asking for an extra set of eyes on your latest project. Join thousands of Treehouse students and alumni in the community today. (Note: Only Treehouse students can comment or ask questions, but non-students are welcome to browse our conversations.)

Looking to learn something new?

Treehouse offers a seven day free trial for new students. Get access to thousands of hours of content and a supportive community. Start your free trial today.

PHP Build a Simple PHP Application Creating the Menu and Footer Including the Header

Why does the footer of my contact form have so much white space below it?

Hello!

Can you please download the css and normalize files of this project and run my index.php and contact.php files below.

When you press the contact button in the indext.php, it will take you to contact.php. In contact.php, you will see lots of white space below the footer. I think footers are supposed to stick to the bottom of the screen. How can I can make this footer stick to the bottom of the screen by removing all that white space?

Cheers!

<html>

<head>
    <title> <?php echo $pageTitle ?></title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/style.css" type="text/css">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Oswald:400,700" type="text/css">
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="favicon.ico">

</head>
<body>

    <div class="header">

        <div class="wrapper">

            <h1 class="branding-title"><a href="./">Shirts 4 Mike</a></h1>

            <ul class="nav">
                <li class="shirt"><a href="shirts.php">Shirts</a></li>
                <li class="contact"><a href="contact.php">Contact</a></li>
                <li class="cart"><a href="#">Shopping Cart</a></li>
            </ul>

        </div>

    </div>

    <div id="content">

    <div class="section page">

        <div class="wrapper">

            <h1>Contact</h1>



                <p>I&rsquo;d love to hear from you! Complete the form to send me an email.</p>

                <form method="post" action="contact.php">

                    <table>
                        <tr>
                            <th>
                                <label for="name">Name</label>
                            </th>
                            <td>
                                <input type="text" name="name" id="name">
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <th>
                                <label for="email">Email</label>
                            </th>
                            <td>
                                <input type="text" name="email" id="email">
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <th>
                                <label for="message">Message</label>
                            </th>
                            <td>
                                <textarea name="message" id="message"></textarea>
                            </td>
                        </tr>                    
                    </table>
                    <input type="submit" value="Send">

                </form>



        </div>

    </div>

    </div>
 <?php

 include('inc/footer.php');

 ?>

</body>
</html>
<?php

$pageTitle = "Contact Mike";
include('inc/header.php');


?>



<div class="section page">

    <h1>Contact</h1>



</div>

<?php

include('inc/footer.php');


?>  

3 Answers

you can try and add some css to fix this, with some margin and padding

Without seeing the CSS for the footer, a 'Sticky Footer' can be very useful if you are not using a dynamic height footer. This is slightly beyond the scope of the project lesson, but can be accomplished with:

#footer{
   position:absolute; //  Place the element EXACTLY where you specify. Will overlay other page content
   bottom:0;          //  Align the bottom edge of the footer to the bottom edge of the page
   left:0;            //  Align the left edge of the footer to the left edge of the page
   height: XXXpx;     //  This is the height of your footer in pixels
   width:100%;        //  Make your footer cover the entire bottom of the page
}

Alternatively, you can set the footer margin-bottom and padding-bottom values to 0px, as the previous poster suggested. This will remove the additional white space if the contact pages' content fills or exceeds the height of the viewport. The footer will not stick to the bottom of the page, but rather stick to the end of your content.

Hello Chris,

Oh, yes! Sticky footers. Ok, I have added the piece of code you gave me, but I remove position:absolute, and height. Now, a funkier problem is occuring. That white space is gone, but the footer is really long in height and is causing this undesirable scrollbar that makes the page scroll far down

thanks

/*! normalize.css - http://github.com/necolas/normalize.css */

/* ==========================================================================
   HTML5 display definitions
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * Corrects `block` display not defined in IE6/7/8/9 & FF3.
 */

article,
aside,
details,
figcaption,
figure,
footer,
header,
hgroup,
nav,
section,
summary {
    display: block;
}

/*
 * Corrects `inline-block` display not defined in IE6/7/8/9 & FF3.
 */

audio,
canvas,
video {
    display: inline-block;
    *display: inline;
    *zoom: 1;
}

/*
 * Prevents modern browsers from displaying `audio` without controls.
 * Remove excess height in iOS5 devices.
 */

audio:not([controls]) {
    display: none;
    height: 0;
}

/*
 * Addresses styling for `hidden` attribute not present in IE7/8/9, FF3, S4.
 * Known issue: no IE6 support.
 */

[hidden] {
    display: none;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Base
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * 1. Corrects text resizing oddly in IE6/7 when body `font-size` is set using
 *    `em` units.
 * 2. Prevents iOS text size adjust after orientation change, without disabling
 *    user zoom.
 */

html {
    font-size: 100%; /* 1 */
    -webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 2 */
    -ms-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 2 */
}

/*
 * Addresses `font-family` inconsistency between `textarea` and other form
 * elements.
 */

html,
button,
input,
select,
textarea {
    font-family: sans-serif;
}

/*
 * Addresses margins handled incorrectly in IE6/7.
 */

body {
    margin: 0;
}



/* ==========================================================================
   Links
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * Addresses `outline` inconsistency between Chrome and other browsers.
 */

a:focus {
    outline: thin dotted;
}

/*
 * Improves readability when focused and also mouse hovered in all browsers.
 * people.opera.com/patrickl/experiments/keyboard/test
 */

a:active,
a:hover {
    outline: 0;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Typography
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * Addresses font sizes and margins set differently in IE6/7.
 * Addresses font sizes within `section` and `article` in FF4+, Chrome, S5.
 */

h1 {
    font-size: 2em;
    margin: 0.67em 0;
}

h2 {
    font-size: 1.5em;
    margin: 0.83em 0;
}

h3 {
    font-size: 1.17em;
    margin: 1em 0;
}

h4 {
    font-size: 1em;
    margin: 1.33em 0;
}

h5 {
    font-size: 0.83em;
    margin: 1.67em 0;
}

h6 {
    font-size: 0.75em;
    margin: 2.33em 0;
}

/*
 * Addresses styling not present in IE7/8/9, S5, Chrome.
 */

abbr[title] {
    border-bottom: 1px dotted;
}

/*
 * Addresses style set to `bolder` in FF3+, S4/5, Chrome.
 */

b,
strong {
    font-weight: bold;
}

blockquote {
    margin: 1em 40px;
}

/*
 * Addresses styling not present in S5, Chrome.
 */

dfn {
    font-style: italic;
}

/*
 * Addresses styling not present in IE6/7/8/9.
 */

mark {
    background: #ff0;
    color: #000;
}

/*
 * Addresses margins set differently in IE6/7.
 */

p,
pre {
    margin: 1em 0;
}

/*
 * Corrects font family set oddly in IE6, S4/5, Chrome.
 * en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Davidgothberg/Test59
 */

code,
kbd,
pre,
samp {
    font-family: monospace, serif;
    _font-family: 'courier new', monospace;
    font-size: 1em;
}

/*
 * Improves readability of pre-formatted text in all browsers.
 */

pre {
    white-space: pre;
    white-space: pre-wrap;
    word-wrap: break-word;
}

/*
 * Addresses CSS quotes not supported in IE6/7.
 */

q {
    quotes: none;
}

/*
 * Addresses `quotes` property not supported in S4.
 */

q:before,
q:after {
    content: '';
    content: none;
}

small {
    font-size: 75%;
}

/*
 * Prevents `sub` and `sup` affecting `line-height` in all browsers.
 * gist.github.com/413930
 */

sub,
sup {
    font-size: 75%;
    line-height: 0;
    position: relative;
    vertical-align: baseline;
}

sup {
    top: -0.5em;
}

sub {
    bottom: -0.25em;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Lists
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * Addresses margins set differently in IE6/7.
 */

dl,
menu,
ol,
ul {
    margin: 1em 0;
}

dd {
    margin: 0 0 0 40px;
}

/*
 * Addresses paddings set differently in IE6/7.
 */

menu,
ol,
ul {
    padding: 0 0 0 40px;
}

/*
 * Corrects list images handled incorrectly in IE7.
 */

nav ul,
nav ol {
    list-style: none;
    list-style-image: none;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Embedded content
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * 1. Removes border when inside `a` element in IE6/7/8/9, FF3.
 * 2. Improves image quality when scaled in IE7.
 *    code.flickr.com/blog/2008/11/12/on-ui-quality-the-little-things-client-side-image-resizing/
 */

img {
    border: 0; /* 1 */
    -ms-interpolation-mode: bicubic; /* 2 */
}

/*
 * Corrects overflow displayed oddly in IE9.
 */

svg:not(:root) {
    overflow: hidden;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Figures
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * Addresses margin not present in IE6/7/8/9, S5, O11.
 */

figure {
    margin: 0;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Forms
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * Corrects margin displayed oddly in IE6/7.
 */

form {
    margin: 0;
}

/*
 * Define consistent border, margin, and padding.
 */

fieldset {
    border: 1px solid #c0c0c0;
    margin: 0 2px;
    padding: 0.35em 0.625em 0.75em;
}

/*
 * 1. Corrects color not being inherited in IE6/7/8/9.
 * 2. Corrects text not wrapping in FF3.
 * 3. Corrects alignment displayed oddly in IE6/7.
 */

legend {
    border: 0; /* 1 */
    padding: 0;
    white-space: normal; /* 2 */
    *margin-left: -7px; /* 3 */
}

/*
 * 1. Corrects font size not being inherited in all browsers.
 * 2. Addresses margins set differently in IE6/7, FF3+, S5, Chrome.
 * 3. Improves appearance and consistency in all browsers.
 */

button,
input,
select,
textarea {
    font-size: 100%; /* 1 */
    margin: 0; /* 2 */
    vertical-align: baseline; /* 3 */
    *vertical-align: middle; /* 3 */
}

/*
 * Addresses FF3/4 setting `line-height` on `input` using `!important` in the
 * UA stylesheet.
 */

button,
input {
    line-height: normal;
}

/*
 * 1. Avoid the WebKit bug in Android 4.0.* where (2) destroys native `audio`
 *    and `video` controls.
 * 2. Corrects inability to style clickable `input` types in iOS.
 * 3. Improves usability and consistency of cursor style between image-type
 *    `input` and others.
 * 4. Removes inner spacing in IE7 without affecting normal text inputs.
 *    Known issue: inner spacing remains in IE6.
 */

button,
html input[type="button"], /* 1 */
input[type="reset"],
input[type="submit"] {
    -webkit-appearance: button; /* 2 */
    cursor: pointer; /* 3 */
    *overflow: visible;  /* 4 */
}

/*
 * Re-set default cursor for disabled elements.
 */

button[disabled],
input[disabled] {
    cursor: default;
}

/*
 * 1. Addresses box sizing set to content-box in IE8/9.
 * 2. Removes excess padding in IE8/9.
 * 3. Removes excess padding in IE7.
 *    Known issue: excess padding remains in IE6.
 */

input[type="checkbox"],
input[type="radio"] {
    box-sizing: border-box; /* 1 */
    padding: 0; /* 2 */
    *height: 13px; /* 3 */
    *width: 13px; /* 3 */
}

/*
 * 1. Addresses `appearance` set to `searchfield` in S5, Chrome.
 * 2. Addresses `box-sizing` set to `border-box` in S5, Chrome (include `-moz`
 *    to future-proof).
 */

input[type="search"] {
    -webkit-appearance: textfield; /* 1 */
    -moz-box-sizing: content-box;
    -webkit-box-sizing: content-box; /* 2 */
    box-sizing: content-box;
}

/*
 * Removes inner padding and search cancel button in S5, Chrome on OS X.
 */

input[type="search"]::-webkit-search-cancel-button,
input[type="search"]::-webkit-search-decoration {
    -webkit-appearance: none;
}

/*
 * Removes inner padding and border in FF3+.
 */

button::-moz-focus-inner,
input::-moz-focus-inner {
    border: 0;
    padding: 0;
}

/*
 * 1. Removes default vertical scrollbar in IE6/7/8/9.
 * 2. Improves readability and alignment in all browsers.
 */

textarea {
    overflow: auto; /* 1 */
    vertical-align: top; /* 2 */
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Tables
   ========================================================================== */

/*
 * Remove most spacing between table cells.
 */

table {
    border-collapse: collapse;
    border-spacing: 0;
}


html {overflow-y: scroll; overflow-x: hidden;}
body {font-family: 'Oswald', sans-serif; background:#f0eeed; color: #676767;}

html, body, .wrapper{
width:100%;

}
.wrapper {width: 980px; margin: 0 auto;}
.header:after {content:"";height:0;display:block;visibility:hidden;clear:both;}
.header {background: #ff8400; border-bottom: 5px solid #f16702;}
.header .branding-title {float: left; margin: 0 0 0 12px; font: 0/0 serif; text-shadow: none; color: transparent; width:122px;height:77px;background:url(../img/branding-title.png) 0 14px no-repeat;padding: 14px 0;}
.header .branding-title a {display: block; height: 77px; width: 122px;}
.header .nav {float: right; top: 0; right: 0; margin: 0; position: relative; left: 15px; z-index: 99999999;}
.header .nav li {display: inline-block; margin: 0; list-style: none;}
.header .nav li.cart {margin-left: 64px; border: 0 solid #f16702; border-width: 0 8px;}
.header .nav li a {
    color: white;
    text-decoration: none;
    display: block;
    line-height: 95px;
    padding: 10px 0 0;
    margin: 0 0 0 50px;
    width: 90px;
    text-align: right;
    background: url('../img/nav-sprite.png') no-repeat 0px 105px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    white-space: nowrap; 
}
.header .nav li.on a {text-decoration: underline;}
.header .nav li a:hover, .header .nav li a:active {color: #FFE200;}
.header .nav li.shirts a {background-position: 0px 0px;}
.header .nav li.contact a {background-position: 0px -105px;}
.header .nav li.cart a {
    width: 122px;
    font-size: 0/95px serif;
    text-shadow: none;
    color: transparent;
    background-position: 16px -216px;
    margin: 0;
}
.header .nav li.cart a:hover {background-position: 16px -321px;}
#content {min-height: 400px; background: white;}
.section.banner {height: 290px; background: #3d3d3d url('../img/banner-background.jpg') center center no-repeat;}
.section.banner .wrapper {position: relative;}
.section.banner .hero {position: absolute; top: -89px; left: 177px; z-index: 999;}
.section.banner .button {
    display: block;
    position: absolute;
    top: 97px;
    left: 590px;
    margin: 0;
    background-image: linear-gradient(bottom, rgb(35,124,219) 0%, rgb(39,136,232) 16%, rgb(119,184,249) 100%);
    background-image: -o-linear-gradient(bottom, rgb(35,124,219) 0%, rgb(39,136,232) 16%, rgb(119,184,249) 100%);
    background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(bottom, rgb(35,124,219) 0%, rgb(39,136,232) 16%, rgb(119,184,249) 100%);
    background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(bottom, rgb(35,124,219) 0%, rgb(39,136,232) 16%, rgb(119,184,249) 100%);
    background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(bottom, rgb(35,124,219) 0%, rgb(39,136,232) 16%, rgb(119,184,249) 100%);
    background-image: -webkit-gradient(
        linear,
        left bottom,
        left top,
        color-stop(0, rgb(35,124,219)),
        color-stop(0.16, rgb(39,136,232)),
        color-stop(1, rgb(119,184,249))
    );
    -webkit-border-radius: 10px;
    border-radius: 10px;
    border: 5px solid #029af1;
    z-index: 0;
}
.section.banner a {
    width: 200px;
    padding: 20px 20px 20px 50px;
    display: block;
    text-decoration: none;
    background: url(../img/banner-link-arrow.png) 100% 50% no-repeat;
    color: #FFF;
}
.section.banner a:hover {
    color: #ffe200;
}
.section.banner h2 {
    font-size: 18px;
    font-weight: normal;
    margin: 0;
    line-height: 1.3;
}
.section.banner p {
    color: #ffe200;
    font-style: italic;
    font-size: 14px;
    margin: 0;
}
.section.page:after {content:"";display:block;visibility:hidden;height:0;clear:both;}
.section.page {padding: 34px 0; background: white;}
.section.page h1 {
    font-size: 24px; 
    text-align: center;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    line-height: 1.6;
    font-weight: normal;    
}
.section.page .shirt-details h1 {
    text-align: left;
}
.section.page p {width: 375px; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }
.section.page .shirt-details h1 .price {color: #9d9f4e; padding-right: 10px; font-size: 34px;}
.section.shirts {padding-bottom: 42px; background: #fff;}
.section.shirts h2 {
    font-size: 24px; 
    color: #c0bfbe;
    text-align: center;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    line-height: 1.6;
    font-weight: normal;
}
.section.shirts ul.products {margin: 0 0 -17px 0; padding: 0; width: 997px;}
.section.shirts ul.products li {
    display: inline-block;
    list-style: none;
    border: 1px solid #e3e1e0;
    -webkit-border-radius: 2px;
    border-radius: 2px;
    width: 202px;
    text-align: center;
    text-transform: lowercase;
    padding: 14px;
    background: #f0eeed;
    margin: 0 0 17px 17px;
    position: relative;
    left: -17px;
}
.section.shirts ul.products li a:hover:after {
    content: '+';
    font-size: 50px; position: absolute; top: -10px; right: 25px; color: #f16702; vertical-align: top;    
}
.section.shirts ul.products li a {
    background: white;
    display: block;
    padding: 30px 0 10px;
    text-decoration: none;
    color: #999;
    opacity: .9;
}
.section.shirts ul.products li a:hover {
    opacity: 1;
    color: #666;
}
.section.shirts ul.products li img {
    width: 190px;
}
.section.shirts ul.products li p {
    margin-left: 0;
    margin-right: 0;
    width: auto;
}

.shirt-picture {
    float: left;
    width: 460px;
    text-align: center;
    border: 1px solid #d9d9d9;
    padding: 14px;
    background: #f0eeed;    
}
.shirt-picture span {
    background: white;
    display: block;
    width: 100%;
    padding: 36px 0 61px;
}
.shirt-picture img {width: 292px;}
.shirt-details {
    width: 460px;
    float: right;
}
.shirt-details form {
    margin-left: 0;
}
form {width: 375px; margin: 34px auto;}
form tr {
    border: 1px solid #CCC;
    background: #f4f3f2;
}
form table {width: 375px; margin-bottom: 16px;}
form th {
    width: 85px;
    border-right: 1px solid #CCC;
    vertical-align: middle;
    padding: 8px;
}
form td {
    padding: 15px 15px;
}
form td select,
form td input,
form td textarea {
    width: 100%;
}
form input[type="submit"] {
    width: 375px;
    text-align: center;
    border: 1px solid #8e8e46;
    background: #9c9f4e;
    color: #FFF;
    -webkit-border-radius: 2px;
    border-radius: 2px;    
    font-size: 14px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    padding: 14px;
}
.breadcrumb {
    font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
    font-size: 14px;
    font-weight: normal;
    padding: 14px 0 48px;
}
.note-designer {
    font-family: Georgia, serif;
    font-size: 14px;
    font-style: italic;
    font-weight: bold;
}

.footer {
    background: #f0eeed;
    padding: 42px 0;
    font-size: 12px;
    color: #a5a5a5;
    font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
}

.footer{

   bottom:0;          
   left:0;           
    height:100%;
   width:100%;      
}


.footer ul {margin: 0; padding: 0; float: left;}
.footer ul li {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    list-style: none;
    display: inline-block;
    text-transform: lowercase;
}
.footer ul li:after {content:" | "}
.footer ul li:last-child:after {content:"";}
.footer p {margin: 0; text-align: right; padding-right: 3px;}
.footer a {text-decoration: none; color: #539def; margin: 0 10px;}
.footer li:first-child a {margin-left: 4px;}
.footer a:hover, .footer a:active {text-decoration: underline;}