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Composition3:44 with Mat Helme
What exactly is a composition? In this video we will take a look at what a composition is and how it's used in design.
[Mat Helme] In this video, you'll understand what makes a great composition 0:00 and the different compositional techniques. 0:04 Let's have a look. 0:07 In design, composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a layout. 0:10 When we view the composition, we immediately compare to the elements 0:17 and look at the interaction of the elements as a whole. 0:21 Now, the way the composition is organized refers to its structure. 0:25 We look at the structure as a blueprint of the composition. 0:29 This structure can be loose or it can be rigid. 0:34 When we first start adding in elements to our composition, 0:37 we are adding in positive shapes. 0:41 Positive shapes are elements that stand out to us. 0:43 This grouping of positive shapes, or elements, immediately forms a complete figure or creates a foreground. 0:46 On the other hand, we are left with an area where there is empty space. 0:55 This is commonly known as the background. 1:00 These 2 distinctions are very crucial in forming a complete composition. 1:03 This is why it's important to consider both as equals. 1:08 Keep in mind, they share the same edges with one another. 1:12 The dependencies of the foreground and background, and vice versa, are very important to one another— 1:15 without one, the other one wouldn't exist. 1:21 This relationship is referred to as the figure-ground. 1:24 When designing, it's always important to understand what the foreground and background are 1:29 and to treat them as 2 separate whole objects. 1:35 We then use these 2 groupings to balance one another. 1:39 When the 2 become so similar, like a complex repeating pattern, 1:43 it then is referred to as the reversible figure-ground, or an equal inverse. 1:48 In most cases, these are intentional in a design— 1:55 depending on the designer and the type of solution that is being conveyed. 1:59 Now that we understand what a composition is and the key points of balance, 2:04 let's take a look at compositional techniques. 2:08 There are many different compositional techniques. 2:12 I would like to share a few of my favorites— 2:14 the first, and most popular technique, is the rule of thirds. 2:18 The rule of thirds is a way to cut the composition up into 9 different sections 2:22 and use the opposing sections to balance one another or to highlight a specific element. 2:27 The next technique is the rule of odds. 2:34 The rule of odds simply states that an odd number of objects is more pleasing than an even number of objects. 2:38 If you notice in a still object painting, there is usually an odd number of objects, rather than an even number, 2:46 and this all has to do with the rule of odds. 2:53 The last technique I'd like to share with you is the rule of space. 2:57 This technique is geared toward creating movement. 3:02 Say if we want to make a still image to have a moving object, like a man running, 3:04 we simply leave negative space in front of him—see what happens here is this: 3:10 the eye is immediately drawn to the foreground objects and moves to the main object, being the person. 3:16 Then, once the eye proceeds to the white space, 3:22 it doesn't know where to go but back to the person, thus creating the illusion of movement. 3:26 We now understand what makes up a solid composition and the different composition techniques. 3:33 Let's now take a quick quiz before jumping into space and grouping in our next video. 3:39
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