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Python Python Basics (2015) Letter Game App Letter Game Refinement

Nikolaj Bewer
Nikolaj Bewer
1,150 Points

A question regarding my list(words) from which random.choice picks

I thought I would modify my hangman game just a little. I want to build hangman game that covers all the EU capitals. Unfortunately the capital from 'san marino' is 'san marino' and consists of two words. Now, if random.choice(words) picks 'san marino' I would like the game to add a space without an underscore between those words. Below I will add my current code. I know that the way it is right now it won't work. I have tried strings with split and lists, but none of these ways worked out for me. Can anyone help me?

import os
import random
import sys

words = 'sanmarino berlin '.split()




def clear():
    if os.name == 'nt':
        os.system('cls')
    else:
        os.system('clear')


def draw(bad_guesses, good_guesses, secret_word):
    clear()

    print('Strikes: {}/7'.format(len(bad_guesses)))
    print('')



    for letter in bad_guesses:
        print(letter, end=' ')
    print('\n\n')



    for letter in secret_word:
        if letter in good_guesses and letter in secret_word[0]:
            print (letter.upper(), end='')
        elif letter in good_guesses:
            print (letter, end='')
        else:
            print('_', end='')


    print('')


def get_guess(bad_guesses, good_guesses):
    while True:
        guess = input("Guess a letter: ").lower()

        if guess=='exit':
                clear()
                print("Bye!")
                sys.exit() 
        elif len(guess) != 1:
            print("Only guess one letter at a time!")
        elif guess in bad_guesses or guess in good_guesses:
            print("You've guessed that already")
        elif not guess.isalpha():
            print("Only letters")   
        else:
            return guess


def play(done):
    clear()
    secret_word = random.choice(words)
    bad_guesses = []
    good_guesses = []

    while True:
        draw(bad_guesses, good_guesses, secret_word)
        guess = get_guess(bad_guesses, good_guesses)

        if guess in secret_word:
            good_guesses.append(guess)
            found = True
            for letter in secret_word:
                if letter not in good_guesses:
                    found = False
            if found:
                clear() 
                print('Strikes: {}/7'.format(len(bad_guesses)))
                print('')
                print("You win!")
                print('')
                print("The secret word was {}".format(secret_word)) 
                done = True

        else:
            bad_guesses.append(guess)
            if len (bad_guesses) == 7:
                draw(bad_guesses, good_guesses, secret_word)
                print("You lost!")
                print("The secret word was {}.".format(secret_word))
                done = True 

        if done:
            print('')
            play_again = input("Play again? y/n ").lower()
            if play_again != 'n':
                return play(done=False)
            else:
                sys.exit()


def welcome():
    start = input("Press enter/ return to start or Q to quit ").lower()
    if start == 'q':
                print("Bye!")
                sys.exit()
    else:
        return True
print('Welcome to Capital Guess!')

done = False

while True:
    clear()
    welcome()
    play(done)

1 Answer

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
216,164 Points

:point_right: You got pretty close.

I can think of two changes needed to the original game to accommodate spaces:

  • ignore spaces when checking for a win
  • explicitly print spaces when showing the current status

For the win checking, you could do this:

            for letter in secret_word:
                if letter not in good_guesses and letter != ' ':  # ignore spaces
                    found = False

And when printing the current status:

    for letter in secret_word:
        if letter == ' ':            # always print spaces as-is
            print(' ', end='')
        elif letter in good_guesses:
            print (letter, end='')
        else:
            print('_', end='')

Also, put the word list back to an ordinary array:

words = ['san marino', 'berlin']

Now that spaces are allowed, you could also guess at entire phrases, such as these examples from the "Wheel of Fortune" game:

words = [
    'pizza party',                 # event
    'a long shot in the dark',     # before and after
    'ants in your pants',          # rhyme time
    'dog and buttermilk biscuits'  # same name
]
Nikolaj Bewer
Nikolaj Bewer
1,150 Points

Hi Steven, Thanks a lot for your answer this really helped me out a lot. Now I came up with the idea to combine hangman with a quiz. The code is the following one:

import os
import random
import sys

words = ['amsterdam', 
    'andorra',  
    'ankara',
    'athen',
    'belgrad',
    'berlin',
    'bern',
    'bratislava',
    'bruessel',
    'budapest', 
    'bukarest',
    'kischinau', 
    'san marino',
    'dublin',
    'helsinki',
    'kiew',
    'kopenhagen',
    'lissabon',
    'ljubljana',
    'london',
    'luxemburg',
    'madrid',
    'minsk',
    'monaco',
    'moskau',
    'nikosia',
    'oslo',
    'paris',
    'podgorica',
    'prag',
    'reykjavik',
    'riga',
    'rom',
    'sarajevo',
    'skopje',
    'sofia',
    'stockholm',
    'tallinn',
    'tirana',
    'vaduz',
    'valletta',
    'vatikanstadt',
    'vilnius',
    'warschau',
    'wien',
    'zagreb'
]


states = ['Niederlande', 'Andorra', 'Türkei', 'Griechenland', 'Serbien', 'Deutschland', 'Schweiz', 'Slowakei', 'Belgien', 'Ungarn', 'Rumänien', 'Moldawien', 'San', 'Marino', 'Irland', 'Finnland', 'Ukraine', 'Dänemark', 'Portugal', 'Slowenien', 'Vereinigtes', 'Königreich', 'Luxemburg', 'Spanien', 'Weißrussland', 'Monaco', 'Russland', 'Zypern', 'Norwegen', 'Frankreich', 'Montenegro', 'Tschechien', 'Island', 'Lettland', 'Italien', 'Bosnien', 'und', 'Herzegowina', 'Mazedonien', 'Bulgarien', 'Schweden', 'Estland', 'Albanien', 'Liechtenstein', 'Malta', 'Vatikanstadt', 'Litauen', 'Polen', 'Österreich', 'Kroatien']


def clear():
    if os.name == 'nt':
        os.system('cls')
    else:
        os.system('clear')


def draw(bad_guesses, good_guesses, secret_word):
    clear()
    print('Strikes: {}/7'.format(len(bad_guesses)))
    print('')
    if secret_word in words[0]:
        print('What is the capital of the {}?'.format(states[0]))
    elif secret_word in words[1]:
        print('What is the capital of the {}?'.format(states[1]))
    print('')

... the rest of the code is up in my post.

So I want random.choice(words) to pick a word (capital) from my list. And then post the appropriate state to it as a question.
Now this code works perfectly fine and I could extend the code by all the " elif secret_word in words[1]: print('What is the capital of the {}?'.format(states[1]))" statements and always increase the number by one but that would be quite exhausting.

So I tried something like this:

def draw(bad_guesses, good_guesses, secret_word):
    clear()
    x = random.randint(1,2)
    print('Strikes: {}/7'.format(len(bad_guesses)))
    print('')
    for secret_word in words[x]:
        print('What is the capital of the {}?'.format(states[x]))
    print('')

But unfortunately this doesn't work out at all.

Do you have any idea how to loop through all the states in a short and elegant way?