CSS CSS Layout The CSS Box Model Padding, Borders, and Margins

Dena Harris
Dena Harris
2,258 Points

Challenge Task 4 of 5 Let's separate the footer element from the content above it. Target the footer element and apply a

style.css
/* Complete the challenge by writing CSS below */
 header {
   padding-top: 20px; 
   padding-bottom: 25px;
   border-bottom: 10px; solid orange
}
   .intro { padding:1rem; }
 footer {
   margin-top: 50px;
index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <title>Developer Diane's blog</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="page.css">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
<body>
  <header>
    <div id="logo">Developer Diane’s Blog</div>
  </header>
  <article>
    <section class="intro">
      <h1>The verdict is in. CSS Layout is great!</h1>
      <p>I’ve been working with CSS for a while now, and I have to say, it’s pretty awesome. I love being able to separate content from presentation, and to keep all my styles in an external stylesheet.</p>
      <p>I’ve had a pretty good grasp on the basics for a while now, but I needed to learn more about how to control layout with my CSS. Understanding CSS layout meant first exploring the parts of the CSS box model.</p>
    </section>
    <section class="featured">
      <h2>The CSS Box Model</h2>
      <p>There are lots of great resources online to help you learn the CSS Box Model. I like the CSS Tricks article <a href="https://css-tricks.com/the-css-box-model/" target="_blank">The CSS Box Model</a> by Chris Coyier. To quote the author:</p>
      <blockquote>At the risk of over-repeating myself: <strong>every element in web design is a rectangular box.</strong></blockquote>
      <p>That’s right! Every HTML element is considered by the browser to be a rectangular box.</p>
      <p>The CSS Box Model consists of four properties: content, padding, border, and margin. I've included a graphic from Coyier’s article to illustrate this principle.</p>
      <p class="clear">It’s pretty easy to understand the Content portion of the box model. The content is whatever your HTML consists of. It could be a paragraph full of text, or a bulleted list, or an image.</p>
      <p>Beginning developers may have some trouble keeping the other parts of the box model straight, so let’s examine them one by one.</p>
    </section>
    <footer>©2020 Developer Diane.</footer>
</body>
</html>

1 Answer

Gergely Bocz
MOD
Gergely Bocz
Treehouse Moderator 13,348 Points

Hi Dena Harris!

You are just missing the closing curly braces "}" behind the footer selector.

This is how your footer selector should look like:

 footer {
   margin-top: 50px;
}

Also, in the header selector at border-bottom property, the semicolon ";" is at the wrong place! It should be at the end of the statement, like this:

header {
   padding-top: 20px; 
   padding-bottom: 25px;
   border-bottom: 10px solid orange;
}

Overall your CSS should look something like this:

header {
   padding-top: 20px; 
   padding-bottom: 25px;
   border-bottom: 10px solid orange;
}

 .intro {
   padding: 1rem; 
}

 footer {
   margin-top: 50px;
}

Good luck with the last task! Gergo