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JavaScript JavaScript and the DOM (Retiring) Responding to User Interaction Delaying Execution with setTimeout()

function as parameter

I am not understanding anything about function as parameter

1 Answer

Cooper Runstein
Cooper Runstein
11,836 Points

The explanation given in the video is pretty hard to understand, I struggled to understand what was going on when I first saw this one too. Here's an example of functions passed as parameters:

const double = function(number){
    return (number * 2)
const addTwoThenDo = function(number, func){
    let newNum = number + 2;
    return func(newNum);

addTwoThenDo(5, double) //this will return 14
addTwoThenDo(3, double) //this will return 10

Above is an example of how passing a function to another function works: the function double is pretty self explanatory, but addTwoThenDo is a function that takes a callback. addTwoThenDo accepts a number and a function. addTwoThenDo will add 2 to the number it is given and sets that equal to a variable newNum, then when that's done, it calls back the function passed to it, and runs the new value calculated from the initial number through the function that was passed to addTwoThenDo. Notice how the function is passed in without the parentheses, that is because the function isn't going to be called until addTwoThenDo decides to call it, which happens after its work is done.

This allows for a lot of really cool things that you'll likely pick up later, like the map, filter and reduce functions in ES6, but in the case of the video, it allows for the window.setTimeout function.

const myFunction = function(){
    ...do cool things
windom.setTimeout(myFunction, 3000) #myfunction is the callback, it's set to run after setTimeout does its work, which in this case is to wait for 3000MS.

Hopefully this helps some, you're going to deal with this concept a lot in the coming videos, so if you stick with it I'm sure it'll make sense.

Daniel LeaMon
Daniel LeaMon
5,127 Points

Thanks this helped a lot!