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CSS CSS Selectors Selectors - Beyond the Basics Child, Adjacent, and General Sibling Combinators

Sean Flanagan
Sean Flanagan
33,235 Points

General Sibling Combinators


The siblings below the h1 wouldn't change to the tomato and white colours Guil mentioned. Does anyone know why please?

Here's my HTML:

<!DOCTYPE html>
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Nunito:400,300' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/base-style.css">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/selectors.css">
    <div id="container">
        <form class="form-contact br">

          <label for="name">Name:</label> 
          <input type="text" id="name">

        <label for="email">Email:</label>
        <input type="email" id="email" placeholder="email@website.com">

        <label for="msg">Message:</label>
        <textarea id="msg" rows="7"></textarea>

          <input class="btn inln default" type="submit" value="Submit">
          <input class="btn inln error" type="reset" value="Reset"> 

        <img class="avatar rounded" src="img/avatar.png" alt="Mountains">

        <form class="form-login">
            <label for="username">Username:</label> 
            <input type="text" id="username">

            <label for="password">Password: </label>
            <input type="password" id="password">

            <input class="btn default" type="submit" value="Login">
      <a href="#" target="_blank">Forgot your password?</a> 

And my CSS:

/* Attribute Selectors ------------- */

.form-contact {
  padding: 20px 24px;
  background: #f4f7f8;

#container {
  max-width: 500px;
  margin: auto;

input[type="email"] {
  background: #fdfee6;

a[target="_blank"] {
  color: #39add1;
  text-decoration: none;
  border-bottom: 1px dotted;

/* DRY Selectors ------------- */

.br {
  border-radius: .5em;

.avatar {
  display: block;
  margin: 0 auto 2em;

.rounded {
  border-radius: 50%;

.btn {
  cursor: pointer;
  font-size: .875em;
  font-weight: 400;
  color: #fff;
  padding-left: 20px;
  padding-right: 20px;
  text-transform: uppercase;

.btn:hover {
  opacity: .75;

.default {
  background-color: #52bab3;

.error {
  background-color: #ff784f;

@media (min-width: 769px) {
  .inln {
    width: auto;
    display: inline-block;
  .btn + .btn {
    margin-left: 20px;

/* Combinators ------------- */

form > a {
  font-size: .7em;

form ~ label {
  background: tomato;
  color: white;
  padding: 5px;

I'd appreciate any help.


2 Answers

Ron McCranie
Ron McCranie
7,837 Points

The video mentions targeting all label siblings after the h1 so you would use h1 ~ label instead of the form ~ label selector you have.

Sean Flanagan
Sean Flanagan
33,235 Points

Hi Ron.

I did as you suggested and it worked a treat. I've up-voted you and marked your reply as Best Answer.

Thank you.

Sean :-)