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PHP Integrating PHP with Databases Using Relational Tables Querying Multiple Tables with JOIN

Getting "Integrity constraint violation: 1052" error from query


I've followed the query shown in the video:

function single_item_array($id) { include("connection.php"); try { $results = $db->query("SELECT media_id, title, category, img, format, year, genre, publisher, isbn FROM media JOIN Genres ON Media.genre_id = Genres.genre_id LEFT OUTER JOIN Books ON Media.media_id = Books.media_id WHERE Media.media_id = $id "); } catch (Exception $e) { echo "Unable to retrieve results"; echo $e->getMessage(); exit; }

$catalog = $results->fetch();

return $catalog;


But I keep getting this error:

Unable to retrieve resultsSQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: 1052 Column 'media_id' in field list is ambiguous

I removed the "media_id" from the field list after SELECT, and it works. Why is it that the video example included media_id but did not get this error? I'm developing locally using WAMP.

This: "SELECT media_id AS med_id, ...

What this means is that you have included other column in your query which also has media_id. Therefore you ended up with 2 media id columns being pulled in.

To fix this, you need to select one media_id AS some_other_name just to keep those unique.

If still not clear. Here's simple example:

Query to pull data from items table and basket table Both tables have item_id column. Therefore when i pull data from both of them I end up getting 2 item_id columns which is amiguous. Fix to this:

SELECT items.id AS item_id, basket.item_id AS basket_item_id FROM .....

Hope that it makes sense Have fun