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JavaScript JavaScript Array Iteration Methods Array Manipulation Practice map()

Ioana Rusu
Ioana Rusu
9,599 Points

Help with this code challenge :)

I really need some help with this code challenge as I don't think I understood exactly what and how. This is the question : Use the map method on the daysOfWeek array, creating a new array of abbreviated week days. Each abbreviated string should be the first three letters of the long version in daysOfWeek. Store the new array in the variable abbreviatedDays.

app.js
const daysOfWeek = ["Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday", "Friday", "Saturday"];
let abbreviatedDays;

// abbreviatedDays should be: ["Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat"]
// Write your code below
Marcin Czachor
Marcin Czachor
9,641 Points

Hey

There is Array.prototype.map() method build in JS Array object. It means that every array inherits that method and it can be used on every array. In this example you should use this method on daysOfWeek and store result in abbreviatedDays variable.

const daysOfWeek = ["Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday", "Friday", "Saturday"];
let abbreviatedDays = daysOfWeek.map(/* Your code here*/);

You can find more info about Array.prototype.map() method on MDN. https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Array/map

6 Answers

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
229,920 Points

You know from the instructions that they want you to use "map", and Marcin's given you a good example of the basic usage. You know how "map" works, right? For a brief recap, the argument you give to "map" is a callback function. And the function should take an argument and return whatever you want done with it.

So in addition to the basic structure for calling "map", you will write a function that takes a string argument and returns the first three letters from that string. There are many ways to do that, but "slice" might be handy.

Ioana Rusu
Ioana Rusu
9,599 Points

Hi,

I have tried and tried and I cannot figure out that should I write exactly so I can have the result. I must sound weird and stupid but this is totally new to me, never heard of slice() before. Can I have a little more help? Spent hours trying to figure out what is the code .....even if I had your help.

Thanks again

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
229,920 Points

If you'd like to practice using essential documentation, here's the MDN page for slice.

Otherwise, just disregard that suggestion entirely and use any method you like to get the first 3 letters from each string.

Hey, guys!

After doing a bit of Googling myself, I ended up using the 'substring' method and I was able to pass the challenge with it as well. You can read more about it here.

I used it the following way:

const daysOfWeek = ["Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday", "Friday", "Saturday"];
let abbreviatedDays;

abbreviatedDays = daysOfWeek.map(day => day.substring(0, 3));
console.log(abbreviatedDays);
Steven Parker
Steven Parker
229,920 Points

Good job! :+1: FYI: "substring" is almost exactly the same thing as "slice". :wink:

Great solution! Steven Parker in this case day.slice(0, 3) would return "Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday".

There's some useful documentation in regards to this on the W3S website https://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_slice_array.asp

Also on Mozilla's MDN: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Array/slice

Jason Dsouza
Jason Dsouza
1,378 Points

This really helped. Never knew what slice() meant. Guess i just learned something new. Thanks mate! :wink:

Mateusz Machnik
Mateusz Machnik
10,594 Points

abbreviatedDays = daysOfWeek.map(day => day.slice(0,3))

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
229,920 Points

:warning: Explicit answers without any explanation are strongly discouraged by Treehouse and may be redacted by moderators.

Ioana Rusu
Ioana Rusu
9,599 Points

Hi Steven,

I have looked into MDN, always do, I was just confused about how the code supposed to look like and I have decided to check another method to get the first 3 letters from each string and I did it in the end.

Thank you so much for your help :)

David Shulkin
seal-mask
.a{fill-rule:evenodd;}techdegree
David Shulkin
Front End Web Development Techdegree Student 10,254 Points

Hi all! Just wanted to share my solution to the code challenge. What I did here is assign the function to the variable 'days' that way abbreviatedDays can be reused somewhere else if necessary.

const daysOfWeek = ["Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday", "Friday", "Saturday"]

const days = day =>  day.substring(0, 3)


const abbreviatedDays = daysOfWeek.map(days)

console.log(abbreviatedDays)