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JavaScript JavaScript and the DOM (Retiring) Getting a Handle on the DOM Selecting Multiple Elements

How can I solve this problem?

The for loop cycles over list items and applies a color to each item using the values stored in the colors array. For example, the first color in the array ( #C2272D) is applied to the first list item, the second color (#F8931F) to the second list item, and so on. Complete the code by setting the variable listItems to refer to a collection. The collection should contain all list items in the <ul> element with the ID of rainbow.

js/app.js
var listItems;
var colors = ["#C2272D", "#F8931F", "#FFFF01", "#009245", "#0193D9", "#0C04ED", "#612F90"];

const listItems = document.getElementById('rainbow');

for(var i = 0; i < listItems.children.length; i ++) {
  listItems.children[i].style.color = colors[i];    
}
index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Rainbow!</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <ul id="rainbow">
      <li>This should be red</li>
      <li>This should be orange</li>
      <li>This should be yellow</li>
      <li>This should be green</li>
      <li>This should be blue</li>
      <li>This should be indigo</li>
      <li>This should be violet</li>
    </ul>
    <script src="js/app.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>

1 Answer

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
229,921 Points

There are several possible solutions here.. You could start with the function you have, and chain on another one to select the actual target element collection. A popular alternative is to use the "querySelectorAll" function with a descendant selector as an argument. That allows you to specify the container ("#rainbow") and target the list items ("li") at the same time.

Also note that you should add the initialization to the top line and not declare the variable again.