Hyunsoo Choi1,255 Points
How did the variable |item| printed out number from 0 to 4?
I mean we didn't set the "item" variable to contain any digits. Why did Ruby print out 0 to 4?
times function, you don't have to set the argument you use to any value because the argument automatically contains each iteration of the loop. That means that each time that
times runs, it puts the value it is currently on into
item which can then be used inside of the loop.
I know its really late to reply at this point of time and you might know the answer as well but if you didn't then hope this helps. Actually this loop is running like other "array.each" loop ( i.e. using "each" keyword on any array ) . What happens is behind the code is every time the loop runs the LOCAL VARIABLE is set to its index value. And it starts always from 0 then 1, 2, 3 .. and so on. So when you do 5.each even if you don't use " variable " , the loop is already using a local variable (behind the scene) but when you yourself give a local variable , in this case it is |item| , then that " |item| " is given value of that index every time. So here it becomes 0, 1, 2 ... and continues until 4 because "5" becomes out of index ( in array ). It is just that if you want to access the index variable you need some random variable of your own.
Summarizing ---- ( just to explain you) the code might work in similar fashion if not exactly the same --- when you don't give a local variable then index =0 then index = 1, 2, 3 ... and the code uses index behind the scene BUT when you give a local variable (lets use variable "local" here) local = index ( so here local is 0, 1, 2, 3 ... )
I tried to explain you in much details as possible and hope you understand now.