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How does __init__ make this class better?

I would assume that by making it better, init would remove the need for another part of the code such as the loop in str. I've played around with it and can't figure out what I could remove. So if it just produces the same answer as before, how is adding more code making it better?

class Letter:
    def __init__(self, pattern=None):
        self.pattern = pattern

    def __iter__(self):
        yield from self.pattern

    def __str__(self):
        symbol_list = []
        for arg in self.pattern:
            if arg == ".":
            if arg == "_":
        return "-".join(symbol_list)

class S(Letter):
    def __init__(self):
        pattern = ['.', '.', '.']

1 Answer

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
229,018 Points

I'm going to guess you meant to say "__iter__" instead of "__init__", since it was added in this challenge.

The value of defining it is so objects of this class can be iterated. For example, if you created an instance of the Letter class named "morse", then you could use it in a loop:

    for element in morse:

This wouldn't be possible if the "__iter__" method was not defined.

Thanks for your response. Iā€™m still a little confused. If iter is needed for this reason, why was I able to loop through self.pattern in the str function before it was introduced?

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
229,018 Points

The "__iter__" method makes objects of the Letter class iterable.
The "self.pattern" inside it was always iterable because it is a list.

That makes sense. I think I wasn't fully grasping what an iterable really is. I did a little research and it makes more sense now. Thanks for taking the time to answer!