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Java

Cassie Wilson
Cassie Wilson
1,827 Points

How does this block of code stop a repeating guess?

I don't understand how this code keeps guesses from repeating themselves:

if(mMisses.indexOf(letter) >= 0 || mHits.indexOf(letter) >= 0) { throw IllegalArgumentExcepetion (letter + " has already been guessed."); }

I do understand why you include both the Misses and the Hits, but I guess I don't know how it knows what letter the guesser guesses.

Thanks for the help!

1 Answer

Next time please include the video or exercise you were looking at so that it can provide more context to your problem.

But from your code snippet:

if(mMisses.indexOf(letter) >= 0 || mHits.indexOf(letter) >= 0) {
  throw IllegalArgumentExcepetion (letter + " has already been guessed.");
}

can be shortened to:

if( (any number bigger than 0) >= 0 || (any number bigger than 0) >= 0 ){
  throw IllegalArgumentExcepetion (letter + " has already been guessed.");
  // this will trigger the exception and stop the program
}

So if the letter guessed is in either mMIsses or mHits, it will return a number than is greater than or equal to 0 which makes the if condition true triggering the exception will stop the execution of the program.

It looks like mMisses is the string containing all letters that were guessed but incorrect and mHits is the string containing all letters that were guessed and were correct.

For Example:

when you start the game (no guess made yet):

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (mAnswer = "programming" but letters are hidden with "_")
mMisses = "" (no wrongly guessed letters yet)
mHits = "" (no correctly guess letters yet)

after you have made some guesses:
p r _ g r _ _ _ i _ g (mAnswer = "programming", the letter guessed correctly are shown)
mMisses = "aeuyzx" (all the letter you guess that were incorrect)
mHits = "prgi" (all the letters you guessed that were correct)

the strings mMisses and mHits will grow longer as you continue to play hangman.

If you look at the documentation link for the indexOf() method for Strings:

indexOf(String str)
Returns the index within this string of the first occurrence of the specified character.
Cassie Wilson
Cassie Wilson
1,827 Points

Sorry, this was my first time using the forum. I didn't realize it didn't automatically link with the video. It was the Java Objects: Validation video.

And yes, earlier we did define the member variables mHit and mMisses, but we left them open. It looks like this:

public class Game { public static final int MAX_MISSES = 7; private String mAnswer; private String mHits; private String mMisses;

public Game(String answer) { mAnswer = answer; mHits = ""; mMisses = ""; }

So when you leave it undefined with "", does that later store the guesses you put in?

Thank you so much for your help.

So when you leave it undefined with "", does that later store the guesses you put in?

public Game(String answer) {
  mAnswer = answer; // word that you are trying to guess, it's value might be "dog" or "cat" or "programming" or whatever
  mHits = "";   // assigns variable mHits with an empty string, meaning it contains no letters at first.
  mMisses = ""; // same here
}

as we play the hangman game, we are guessing letters and the wrong letters are added to the mMisses string, and the correct letters are added to the mHits string.

For Example:

when you start the game (no guess made yet):

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (mAnswer = "programming" but letters are hidden with "_")
mMisses = "" (no wrongly guessed letters yet)
mHits = "" (no correctly guess letters yet)

after you have made some guesses:
p r _ g r _ _ _ i _ g (mAnswer = "programming", the letter guessed correctly are shown)
mMisses = "aeuyzx" (all the letter you guess that were incorrect)
mHits = "prgi" (all the letters you guessed that were correct)

the strings mMisses and mHits will grow longer as you continue to play hangman.

Also, I forgot to mention that the if-statement is probably inside a loop of some sort. And the if-statement loops and loops until it is kicked out of the loop by the exception.

while( ... ) {
  ...
  if(mMisses.indexOf(letter) >= 0 || mHits.indexOf(letter) >= 0) {
    throw IllegalArgumentExcepetion (letter + " has already been guessed.");
  }
  ...
}
Cassie Wilson
Cassie Wilson
1,827 Points

You explained it perfectly. I completely understand it now.

Thank you!

You're welcome. If you could click "Best Answer" next to "Add Comment" so that (in the future) if someone comes across the same question, they can just read this explanation instead of re-asking the same question.