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iOS Object-Oriented Swift Complex Data Structures Adding Instance Methods

I don't know what's going on. Method instance was created, but I cannot pass the challenge.

Can someone give me little explanation of instance methods use. Maybe little code example with comments what's going on step by step.

struct Person {
    let firstName: String
    let lastName: String
    func fullName(name: String, surname: String)->(Person){

        let fullName = Person(firstName: "P", lastName: "K")
        return fullName
  let myName = Person(firstName: "P", lastName: "K")

1 Answer

Hi Piotr!

So the first question is asking you to create a method in the struct called "fullName" that returns a String.


 func fullName() -> String {
     // Here you would return the firstName and the lastName
     // One way to do this would be string interpolation where you take the Constances and pass them through a string
     // Like this: 
     return "\(firstName) \(lastName)"

The second question specifically asks you to "use the struct to create an instance of Person and assign it to a constant named aPerson"

Any time you make a custom version of a "class" or "struct" (in this case a struct...) you are creating an "instance" of that thing. So that's what creating an instance means. Making a custom version of it.

// Making an instance of Person :)
let aPerson = Person(firstName: "P", lastName: "K")
// Then they want you to 
let myFullName = aPerson.fullName()

Next bit to understand is that structs get a free "init" method. and the init method is what is called after typing "(" after the struct or class name. But if this was a class you would have had to make the init method from scratch inside of the class body. Example:

class Person {
    let firstName: String
    let lastName: String

    init(firstName: String, lastName: String) { // this is where you would have had to create an init from scratch with the parameters you would need to populate the constance

          // Here you have to set the constance of self(the class your in) equal to the parameter value you want it to be...
          self.firstname = firstName
          self. lastName =  lastName

Happy Coding :)