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JavaScript JavaScript and the DOM (Retiring) Making Changes to the DOM Styling Elements

Michael Williams
Michael Williams
Courses Plus Student 8,059 Points

I don't understand how my constant is getting assigned to the wrong element (or which element that is).

In the video, we come up with the code below. When you click the toggleList button, the text in the p.description element disappears when pressing it to show the list again. The reason, as Guil explains, is that due to the toggleList button being called first, it results in button being assigned to the wrong element. Could someone break this down for me so that:

  1. I understand why this is happening, because I'm just not getting it.
  2. Which element is it being assigned to?



const toggleList = document.getElementById("toggleList");
const listDiv = document.querySelector(".list");
const input = document.querySelector("input");
const p = document.querySelector("p.description");
const button = document.querySelector("button");

toggleList.addEventListener(("click"), () => {
  if (listDiv.style.display === "none") {
    toggleList.textContent = "Hide list"
    listDiv.style.display = "block";
  } else {
    toggleList.textContent = "Show list"  
    listDiv.style.display = "none";

button.addEventListener("click", () => {
  p.innerHTML = input.value + ":"                        


<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>JavaScript and the DOM</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/style.css">
    <h1 id="myHeading">JavaScript and the DOM</h1>
    <p>Making a web page interactive</p>
    <button id="toggleList">Hide list</button>
    <div class="list"> 
      <p class="description">Things that are purple:</p>
      <input type="text" class="description">
      <button class="description">Change list description</button>
    <script src="app.js"></script>

2 Answers

With the two buttons querySelector("button") will select the first button element which in this case is the button with id togglelist

const button = document.querySelector("button");

You can see this by logging the id to the console here

button.addEventListener("click", () => {
  p.innerHTML = input.value + ":" 

You also notice that the toggle list button updates the description.

If however you move the toggle list button below the div in the HTML

      <button id="toggleList">Hide list</button>
    <script src="app.js"></script>

both buttons behave as expected because the button with class description is now first. Alternatively you can select the correct button by including the class

const button = document.querySelector("button.description");
Michael Williams
Michael Williams
Courses Plus Student 8,059 Points

Thank you, Kris. That was a thorough explanation that cleared things up perfectly. Also, that's a nifty little trick, .id. I didn't know that was a thing you could do. I'll try that out next time.