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Python Build a Social Network with Flask How to Win Friends Follow and Unfollow Buttons

Anders Axelsen
Anders Axelsen
3,471 Points

In line 132, in the video, what is the ), "succes") for?

I have been dwelling on this several times. Is "succes" a command, function or a string?

Kindly, Anders.

:ocean:

1 Answer

Ari Misha
Ari Misha
19,286 Points

Hiya Anders! The "flash()" works on your sessions and ya need secret_key for that. The "flash()" method takes a "string" arguement, to "flash" on the screen on the next request and with categories as well in some cases. These categories could be anything like "success" associated with your happy process or "fail" category. Like you can categorize your flash messages. And you can render your "flash()" in your templates as well , and yes with categories too. I'll show ya an example to clear away the confusion:

from flask import Flask, flash, redirect, render_template, \
     request, url_for

app = Flask(__name__)
app.secret_key = 'some_secret'

@app.route('/')
def index():
    return render_template('index.html')

@app.route('/login', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def login():
    error = None
    if request.method == 'POST':
        if request.form['username'] != 'admin' or \
                request.form['password'] != 'secret':
            error = 'Invalid credentials'
        else:
            flash('You were successfully logged in', 'success')
            return redirect(url_for('index'))
    return render_template('login.html', error=error)

Here is how you render messages:

{% with messages = get_flashed_messages(with_categories=true) %}
  {% if messages %}
    <ul class=flashes>
    {% for category, message in messages %}
      <li class="{{ category }}">{{ message }}</li>
    {% endfor %}
    </ul>
  {% endif %}
{% endwith %}

Here is how you filter your flash messages on categories in templates:

{% with errors = get_flashed_messages(category_filter=["error"]) %}
{% if errors %}
<div class="alert-message block-message error">
  <a class="close" href="#">×</a>
  <ul>
    {%- for msg in errors %}
    <li>{{ msg }}</li>
    {% endfor -%}
  </ul>
</div>
{% endif %}
{% endwith %}
Anders Axelsen
Anders Axelsen
3,471 Points

Hi there!

Thank you thank you thank you.

It didn't make 100% sense to me. - But it made SOME sense. I will learn it through repetition!

Kind regards