Python Object-Oriented Python Inheritance Super-Duper!

inheritance with super()

Hello everybody. I thought I understood the inheritance and super function but after few more exercises, I am a bit lost. Defining a subclass of a superclass, the subclass inherits all the attributes and methods of the superclass. Then if I need to override the method within the subclass, adding or modifying something, I use the super() function. Then why in an example of the following I do not use the super() function and all the methods defined in my Vehicle class work perfectly when instantiating the subclass Car, while in the example below it doesn't?

'from abc import ABCMeta, abstractmethod

program to sell/buy vehicles

class Vehicle(object):

__metaclass__ = ABCMeta

base_sale_price = 0
wheels = 0

def __init__(self, miles, make, model, year, sold_on):
    self.miles = miles
    self.make = make
    self.model = model
    self.year = year
    self.sold_on = sold_on


# set sale price as 5000 euro per wheel in the vehicle
def sale_price(self):
    if self.sold_on is not None:
        return 0.0  # the car is sold
    return 5000.0 * self.wheels

# sef purchase as the sell price per vehicle minus 10% of the used miles
def purchase_price(self):
    if self.sold_on is None:
        return 0.0 # the car is still in our shop (not yet sold)
    return self.base_sale_price - (.10*self.miles)  # here we do have the only data different between classes: base_sale_price

@abstractmethod
def vehicle_type(self):
    """Return a string representing the type of vehicle this is."""
    pass

class Car(Vehicle): """A car for sale by the shop."""

base_sale_price = 8000.0
wheels = 4

def vehicle_type(self):
    """Return a string representing the type of vehicle this is."""
    return 'car''

'class Inventory: def init(self): self.slots = []

def add_item(self, item=""):
    self.slots.append(item)

class SortedInventory(Inventory):

def show(self):
    print(self.slots)

a = SortedInventory a.add_item(item='car') a.show()'

When I call this program, the answer I get is TypeError: show() missing 1 required positional argument: 'self' Shouldn't the add_item method works within the subclass as well since it is defined in the superclass?

1 Answer

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
203,995 Points

It's a bit tricky to read without code formatting, but if "a" is intended to be an instance of "SortedInventory", then there should be a pair of parentheses after the class name:

a = SortedInventory()

When posting code, use the instructions for code formatting in the Markdown Cheatsheet pop-up below the "Add an Answer" area. :arrow_heading_down:   Or watch this video on code formatting.

I am sorry for the format. Here the code:

Ex1)

from abc import ABCMeta, abstractmethod


# program to sell/buy vehicles
class Vehicle(object):

    __metaclass__ = ABCMeta

    base_sale_price = 0
    wheels = 0

    def __init__(self, miles, make, model, year, sold_on):
        self.miles = miles
        self.make = make
        self.model = model
        self.year = year
        self.sold_on = sold_on


    # set sale price as 5000 euro per wheel in the vehicle
    def sale_price(self):
        if self.sold_on is not None:
            return 0.0  # the car is sold
        return 5000.0 * self.wheels

    # sef purchase as the sell price per vehicle minus 10% of the used miles
    def purchase_price(self):
        if self.sold_on is None:
            return 0.0 # the car is still in our shop (not yet sold)
        return self.base_sale_price - (.10*self.miles)  # here we do have the only data different between classes: base_sale_price

    @abstractmethod
    def vehicle_type(self):
        """Return a string representing the type of vehicle this is."""
        pass


class Car(Vehicle):
    """A car for sale by the shop."""

    base_sale_price = 8000.0
    wheels = 4

    def vehicle_type(self):
        """Return a string representing the type of vehicle this is."""
        return 'car'


class Truck(Vehicle):
    """A truck for sale by the shop."""

    base_sale_price = 10000.0
    wheels = 4

    def vehicle_type(self):
        """Return a string representing the type of vehicle this is."""
        return 'truck'

class Motorbike(Vehicle):
    """A motorbike for sale by the shop.""" # this is the documentation. I can access it by ClassName.__doc__

    base_sale_price = 4000.0
    wheels = 2

    def vehicle_type(self):
        """Return a string representing the type of vehicle this is."""
        return 'motorbike'

Ex2)

class Inventory:
    def __init__(self):
        self.slots = []

    def add_item(self, item=""):
        self.slots.append(item)


class SortedInventory(Inventory):

    def show(self):
        print(self.slots)


a = SortedInventory
a.add_item(item='car')
a.show()
Steven Parker
Steven Parker
203,995 Points

Even after formatting, it looks like the same thing. The code has "a = SortedInventory" (which copies the class itself) instead of "a = SortedInventory()" (which creates a class instance).