Welcome to the Treehouse Community

Want to collaborate on code errors? Have bugs you need feedback on? Looking for an extra set of eyes on your latest project? Get support with fellow developers, designers, and programmers of all backgrounds and skill levels here with the Treehouse Community! While you're at it, check out some resources Treehouse students have shared here.

Looking to learn something new?

Treehouse offers a seven day free trial for new students. Get access to thousands of hours of content and join thousands of Treehouse students and alumni in the community today.

Start your free trial

HTML Introduction to HTML and CSS (2016) HTML: The Structural Foundation of Web Pages and Applications The Basic Structure of a Web Page

<meta charset="utf-8">

why we use this tag for ?

2 Answers

This attribute declares the character encoding used of the page. It can be locally overridden using the lang attribute on any element. This attribute is a literal string and must be one of the preferred MIME names for a character encoding as defined by the IANA. Though the standard doesn't request a specific character encoding, it gives some recommendations:

  • Authors are encouraged to use UTF-8.

  • Authors should not use ASCII-incompatible encodings (i.e. those that don't map the 8-bit code points 0x20 to 0x7E to the Unicode 0x0020 to 0x007E code points) as these represent a security risk: browsers not supporting them may interpret benign content as HTML Elements. This is the case of at least the following charsets: JIS_C6226-1983, JIS_X0212-1990, HZ-GB-2312, JOHAB, the ISO-2022 family, and the EBCDIC family.

  • Authors must not use CESU-8, UTF-7, BOCU-1 and SCSU, also falling in that category and not intended to be used on the web. Cross-scripting attacks with some of these encodings have been documented.

  • Authors should not use UTF-32 because not all HTML5 encoding algorithms can distinguish it from UTF-16.


gabriel castillo
gabriel castillo
91 Points

Use the meta tag in the head tag in your html document.

<head> <meta charset="utf-8" /> </head>