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why we use this tag for ?
This attribute declares the character encoding used of the page. It can be locally overridden using the lang attribute on any element. This attribute is a literal string and must be one of the preferred MIME names for a character encoding as defined by the IANA. Though the standard doesn't request a specific character encoding, it gives some recommendations:
Authors are encouraged to use UTF-8.
Authors should not use ASCII-incompatible encodings (i.e. those that don't map the 8-bit code points 0x20 to 0x7E to the Unicode 0x0020 to 0x007E code points) as these represent a security risk: browsers not supporting them may interpret benign content as HTML Elements. This is the case of at least the following charsets: JIS_C6226-1983, JIS_X0212-1990, HZ-GB-2312, JOHAB, the ISO-2022 family, and the EBCDIC family.
Authors must not use CESU-8, UTF-7, BOCU-1 and SCSU, also falling in that category and not intended to be used on the web. Cross-scripting attacks with some of these encodings have been documented.
Authors should not use UTF-32 because not all HTML5 encoding algorithms can distinguish it from UTF-16.
gabriel castillo91 Points
Use the meta tag in the head tag in your html document.
<head> <meta charset="utf-8" /> </head>