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General Discussion

Mike's T-shirts: why is there a white wrapper around "shirts" on my index page?

I wrote the same code on each page: ''' <?php $pageTitle = "Unique T-shirts designed by a frog"; include('inc/header.php'); ?> ''' On the index page there is this white wrapper around the text "shirts" which should not be there. On all other pages it looks normal.


I think you're going to have to paste in your code if you want a quick answer :-) An alternative is to download the project files and compare.

4 Answers

Ok the header.php is the same everywhere:

    <title><?php echo $pageTitle; ?></title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/style.css" type="text/css">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Oswald:400,700" type="text/css">
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="favicon.ico">

    <div class="header">

        <div class="wrapper">

            <h1 class="branding-title"><a href="./">Shirts 4 Mike</a></h1>

            <ul class="nav">
                <li class="shirts <?php if ($section == "shirts") { echo "on"; } ?>"><a href="shirts.php">Shirts</a></li>
                <li class="contact <?php if ($section == "contact") { echo "on"; } ?>"><a href="contact.php">Contact</a></li>
                <li class="cart"><a href="#">Shopping Cart</a></li>



    <div id="content">

And I just included it in all pages with the code I wrote in the previous post above. Thank you, I'll download the files and have a look!

If you're header is the same, and other pages are working, it sounds like a problem with the index page. I would check +You've closed all your divs +You haven't misspelled any of the classes/id's +You haven't accidentally used 'id' instead of 'class' Hope this helps!

Yes, probably it's some spelling error or not closing tags properly. I replaced my index code with the project code and now the index page looks good again! :)

Hi Silvia,

The $section variable is undefined on the home page and so php issues a notice on that page right inside your class attributes. Each part of the notice message is then interpreted as a class name by the browser. This is why you end up getting the unintended styling that you see on the home page.

This never comes up in the video if I remember right but they do have a fix for it in the project files which is probably why it worked out for you when you switched over.

They added $section = "home"; to index.php. So even though it's not needed on that page at least it's defined and you won't get the notices anymore.

I recommend instead to update the navigation scripts to check first if the $section variable is set. This way you don't have to remember to set the $section variable to something even on the pages that don't use it.

<li class="shirts<?php if ( isset($section) && $section == "shirts") { echo " on"; } ?>"><a href="shirts.php">Shirts</a></li>
<li class="contact<?php if ( isset($section) && $section == "contact") { echo " on"; } ?>"><a href="contact.php">Contact</a></li>