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Python Python Collections (2016, retired 2019) Sets Set Math

My submission works, why is it being rejected?

My function has worked as expected with every example that I've thrown at it, why isn't it being accepted upon submission?


Let's write some functions to explore set math a bit more. We're going to be using this COURSES dict in all of the examples. Don't change it, though! So, first, write a function named covers that accepts a single parameter, a set of topics. Have the function return a list of courses from COURSES where the supplied set and the course's value (also a set) overlap. For example, covers({"Python"}) would return ["Python Basics"].

    "Python Basics": {"Python", "functions", "variables",
                      "booleans", "integers", "floats",
                      "arrays", "strings", "exceptions",
                      "conditions", "input", "loops"},
    "Java Basics": {"Java", "strings", "variables",
                    "input", "exceptions", "integers",
                    "booleans", "loops"},
    "PHP Basics": {"PHP", "variables", "conditions",
                   "integers", "floats", "strings",
                   "booleans", "HTML"},
    "Ruby Basics": {"Ruby", "strings", "floats",
                    "integers", "conditions",
                    "functions", "input"}

def covers(topics):
    return [i[0] for i in COURSES.items() if topics == i[-1] & topics]

2 Answers

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
230,248 Points

You have a good idea for a compact solution, but there's an extra comparison constraining the results to exact subsets instead of any case of overlap. Remove that extra comparison and you'll have it:

def covers(topics):
    return [i[0] for i in COURSES.items() if i[-1] & topics]

You can also simplify it a bit and eliminate the indexing by unpacking the tuples:

    return [c for c,t in COURSES.items() if t & topics]

Wow, thanks!

Robin Goyal
Robin Goyal
4,582 Points

If you're still stuck on this, this is what I figured out after trying my hand at it. It's not exclusively looking for courses that meet all of the topics. So if your topics set was {"Python", "functions"}, it shouldn't only return ["Python Basics"]. It should return ["Python Basics", "Python Basics", "Ruby Basics"]. Since "Python" and "functions" both appear in "Python Basics" course, you get the two entries of "Python Basics" in the list and "functions" only appears in the "Ruby Basics" course so you get only one entry of "Ruby Basics". It took me a while to get to this conclusion since the wording for this challenge and the example provided doesn't give enough info in my opinion.

Okay, thanks so much for the reply.