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Start your free trial###### Stephaughn Alston

463 Points# Need help with this problem.

Now that we have the while loop set up, it's time to compute the sum! Using the value of counter as an index value, retrieve each value from the array and add it to the value of sum.

For example: sum = sum + newValue. Or you could use the compound addition operator sum += newValue where newValue is the value retrieved from the array.

```
let numbers = [2,8,1,16,4,3,9]
var sum = 0
var counter = 0
// Enter your code below
while counter < numbers.count {
sum = sum +
counter++
}
```

## 2 Answers

###### Steve Hunter

57,712 PointsHi there,

As Jhoan said, you're pretty much there. You've not quite got the hang of accessing the array, though. That's fine.

So, the task is to loop through the array and add up each element so we get the sum of the whole array. You've got the loop spot on; that's going to iterate over every element in the array. What you need to do now is add each element in turn into the `sum`

variable.

You access arrays by using the index number of each element. They start counting at zero, so the first element is 0, the second is 1 etc. You use the index number inside square brackets to do this; use the array name first. So, we've got an array called `numbers`

; to access its first element (zero, remember!) we'd use `numbers[0]`

. To access the next element, that would be `numbers[1]`

.

So, to access *every* element in the array we need to count from zero up to the number of elements in the array. Hang on ... that's what `counter`

is already doing, right? We've used `counter`

to ensure we only access the array's elements by testing it against `numbers.count`

. It was initialized to zero, `counter = 0`

, and will stop before we exceed the number of elements in the array. Perfect!

How about using `counter`

inside the square brackets? Something like `numbers[counter]`

. Would that give us what we want? I think so! In your code, you've got `sum = sum +`

at the moment. You could add `numbers[counter]`

to the end of that, `sum = sum + numbers[counter]`

or you could use the shorthand, `+=`

, which would look like, `sum += numbers[counter]`

. Your finished code would look something like:

```
let numbers = [2,8,1,16,4,3,9]
var sum = 0
var counter = 0
// Your code
while counter < numbers.count {
sum += numbers[counter]
counter++
}
```

I hope that makes sense - shout back if you have any questions.

Steve.

###### Jhoan Arango

14,575 PointsHello:

Well you have the while loop set up correctly. The only thing, is that you are not using the "counter" as an index for the array.

Basically what the challenge wants you to do is use **counter** as an index to retrieve the numbers from the array, and add them to **sum**

```
// This is just any array
var someArray = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7]
// to get an item from the array you point to its index.
someArray[0]
// This will return 1 since the index of the first item in the array is the number 1
// This will add any value to the newValue variable
var newValue += someArray[index]
```

Hopefully this answer helps you to finish your challenge. If you need more help, please let me know.

###### Stephaughn Alston

463 PointsYes please, I still need more help.

## Stephaughn Alston

463 Points## Stephaughn Alston

463 PointsThanks very much for explaining that. I finally solved it about an hr ago.

Basically I did this:

## Steve Hunter

57,712 Points## Steve Hunter

57,712 PointsHi there,

You got it solved!

There's some code in there that's not doing anything:

The key parts inside your loop are the two lines below:

The first line there iterates through the `

`numbers`

array like you typed out. So, as the`while`

loop starts,`counter`

is zero and`sum`

is zero too. You first line can then be read as:`sum = 0 + numbers[0]`

The first element of the array holds the value 2 so we can further simplify this to:

`sum = 0 + 2`

Sum, therefore now holds the value 2. We then increment

`counter`

so it now holds the value 1. And since 1 is less than`numbers.count`

(which is 7) we loop again. The values are different this time.`sum`

is 2,`counter`

is 1 and`numbers[counter]`

is 8.`sum = 2 + 8`

So,

`sum`

now holds 10. We increment`counter`

to 2 and repeat the loop until`counter`

gets to 7, then we stop. After that,`sum`

holds the value created by adding up all the elements in the array (43, I think).Your code contained the keys parts to pass this challenge but you didn't need to write out all the elements of the array longhand; that's what the loop did for you.

I hope that makes sense!

Steve.