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# Not quite getting "Group By".........

In the video, Andrew says: "when you select a regular column, it will just return the first value in that column."

What does he mean by a "regular column"? Is there an irregular column? Aren't they all regular?

And why does it only return the first value? Why not return all the values if you are selecting the entire column?

How does 'GROUP BY' solve this problem?

Thanks!

## What he means is "when you select a regular column along with an aggregate function"

He's saying "regular column" to distinguish it from an aggregate function column. The previous example selected only aggregate functions.

It would return all columns without the aggregate function, but the aggregate function only makes sense when it is applied to multiple rows.

Using "GROUP BY" causes the aggregate to be applied to the rows in groups instead of all at once, which yields a separate output row for each group.

Make sense now?

Thank you, Steven, for your answer. To clarify, are you saying that if you select a column WITHOUT a function applied to it like simply: 'title', and another column WITH a function like MAX(score), you must use GROUP BY to see all the results of the 'title' column?

To clarify further: GROUP BY is used when you have one query where you are selecting a 'regular column' (no function), along with a column that has a function applied to it ?

And if the above is correct, would GROUP BY always be applied to the "regular column"?

Thanks!