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JavaScript Interactive Web Pages with JavaScript Selecting Elements and Adding Events with JavaScript Perform: Event Handling

Not showing the log.

It is simply not showing the console.log after clicking the button. The variables seem to be set correctly to me. Don't get where I am wrong.

Here is the .js file:

var emailInput = document.getElementsByName("email"); // the email input value
var passwordInput = document.getElementsByName("password"); // the password input value
var submitButton = document.getElementsByTagName("button"); // the actual submit button

var emptyCheck = function(){
    console.log("Checking for empty inputs...");

submitButton.onclick = emptyCheck;

This is the .html file:

<form action="javascript:;" method="post" name="login_form" class="login-form">
                            <div class="field">
                                <input id="email" placeholder="Email address" type="text" name="email">
                                <p id="error-message" class="error-message"><span>Test</span></p>
                            <div class="field">
                                <input id="password" placeholder="Password" type="password" name="password">
                            <div class="row">
                                <div class="col-6 col-lg-6 col-sm-12">
                                    <button id="button" class="button" name="submitButton">Login</button>
                                <div class="col-6 col-lg-6 col-sm-12">
                                    <div class="note"><div class="title">Having trouble logging in?</div>
                                    <a href="/lost-password/index.php" target="_self">Reset my password</a>

When I open the page and type submitButton at the console it is not showing me "Checking for empty inputs..."

3 Answers

Nega Lulessa
Nega Lulessa
15,669 Points


May i suggest you use the ID selector instead. You can't go wrong with selecting an ID on any given page since it is unique to that page. Any traversal you do to gather up the element with that ID will only return (if that ID exists on that page) a single element with that unique ID.

Hence, in your JavaScript code:

change this:

var submitButton = document.getElementsByTagName("button");

to this:

var submitButton = document.getElementById("button");

I tried it in my browser's console (chrome) and it worked.

By the way, Hugo's method of picking the returned array apart also works. I prefer the traversal through the element's ID since that returns ONE element as opposed to an array that requires further fine-tuning.

Do shout back should you still have questions on this issue...


Hugo Paz
Hugo Paz
15,622 Points

Hi Denis,

Change this:

var submitButton = document.getElementsByTagName("button");

To this:

var submitButton = document.getElementsByTagName("button")[0];

The method getElementsByTagName returns an array of HTML elements, in this case buttons. Since there is only one on the page, you need to add the index 0 to get that button.

I have tried this and the message appears on the console but only briefly.

alt text As you can see the function and the variable are linked correctly. However, when I click the button, it is not showing me "Checking for empty inputs...". The button is not working, which is strange. Just in case, I am giving you the CSS file related to this, but it seems that the problem is elsewhere:

.button { 
display: block;
width: 100%;
margin-bottom: 10px;
font-size: 18px;
font-weight: 300;

I am really sorry for bothering you guys, but I really don't see where I have made a mistake. Thanks in advance.

Hugo Paz
Hugo Paz
15,622 Points

Denis like i said what is stored in the submitButton variable is not the button, but an array of buttons.

If you look at your image you can see that the button html is surrounded by square brackets.

You need to explicitly tell which button you want to trigger the function.

By changing your code from:

var submitButton = document.getElementsByTagName("button");


var submitButton = document.getElementsByTagName("button")[0];

it works as you intended.

Another alternative is to select the element in the array when you call the function, like this:

submitButton[0].onclick = emptyCheck;