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HTML Introduction to HTML and CSS (2016) Getting Familiar with HTML and CSS HTML, CSS, and Web Development

Nafitha Mohamed
Nafitha Mohamed
2,637 Points


What is difference between absolute and relative positioning

2 Answers

Jonathan Grieve
Jonathan Grieve
Treehouse Moderator 91,252 Points

Absolute positioning defines the position of an element in relation to the root element of a document. But it can also be in relation to the next parent element that has relative positioning. So elements that have only 1 parent, that is the next level down from the root element will be ositioned relative to the viewport (the browser screen)

Relative positioning is positioned relative to it's normal position (if an element was assigned no specific position property)

Hope this helps :)

Courses Plus Student 5,345 Points

Relative Position - relatively adjust your position according to your browser screen(view port) whereas absolute position moves according to your relative position. (Note: position absolute works like floating element) for eg try this <html> <body> <div class="box1"> <div class="box2"> </div> </div> </body> <html>


.box1{ display block; width: 100px; height: 100px; position : relative; left: 50px; top: 50px; border: 1px solid; background-color: yellow; }

.box2{ display block; width: 100px; height: 100px; position : absolute; left: 50px; top: 50px; border: 1px solid; background-color: yellow;


In the above example box 2 position moves according to your box 1.

Hope this helps :)

Unfortunately I'm not sure how this example makes it clear what the difference is. If I change box2 css to also be position: relative, the output looks the same.