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JavaScript React Components Stateful Components and the Effect Hook Stopwatch State

Ben McMahan
Ben McMahan
7,921 Points


<button onClick={() => setIsRunning((prevValue) => !prevValue)}>
                {isRunning ? "Stop" : "Start"}

Can someone break down how prevValue is assigned as a Boolean? And why not use isRunning?

1 Answer

Laura Coronel
Laura Coronel
Treehouse Teacher

Hey Ben McMahan Great question! When you pass useState's set function (setIsRunning) a function, React will calculate the next state by applying all of the queued updaters to the previous state. So in other words React applies all the other set functions and then gets the current value of isRunning and sets it to prevValue.

For now we could just use isRunning instead of prevValue because our app is small. Once our app gets bigger and isRunning might be updated in different locations then you should pass a function to setIsRunning. It's best practice to always pass the set function a function when you are updating your state based on it's previous value.

If you want to see the drawback in just passing the state in their set function I recommend taking a look at this forum question. And here's some more resources on useState and their set function.

I hope this cleared some things up!