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# Quiz question on rank of matrix

The quiz asks what the rank of the below matrix is:

```ratings = np.array([
[5, 4, 5, 5, 2],
[5, 5, 5, 5, 4],
[1, 2, 1, 1, 1]
])
```

The response is 2 - I agree that the dimension of the matrix is 2, but the rank is different from its dimension.

Wikipedia defines rank as the number of columns that are linearly independent. In which case it would be 3 for this matrix. Is there a different definition in coding?

MOD

Good question! Rank is such an overused term, it's easy to mix up the overlapping definitions.

On Wikipedia, the is also Rank (computer programming) which says "`In computer programming, rank with no further specifications is usually a synonym for (or refers to) "number of dimensions"; thus, a two-dimensional array has rank two, a three-dimensional array has rank three and so on.`"

In older versions of NumPy, the was a `rank()` function, where "rank" used to mean the number of linearly independent rows (that is, it's dimensions). A matrix is 2-dimensional, and would have a "rank" of 2.

In NumPy 1.9.0, the `rank()` function was deprecated and is not longer used. `np.ndim()` is now the suggested way to get the dimension of an array.

Post back if you have more questions. Good Luck!!