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JavaScript JavaScript Basics (Retired) Working With Numbers The Random Challenge

Random Number Challenge - My Solution

This took me a while, as math isn't my strong suit. I had to look up a couple of things that haven't yet been covered in these lessons, but I figure that's sort of the point as well, right?

Anyway. I opted for the extra challenge to input 2 numbers.

var firstNumber = prompt("Give us a number...");
var secondNumber = prompt("And another...");

firstNumber = parseInt(firstNumber);
secondNumber = parseInt(secondNumber);

I wasn't sure if it was important to first figure out which is the higher number, otherwise we might end up with negative values. So I found Math.min and Math.max.

//which is lower?
var lowestNumber = Math.min(firstNumber,secondNumber);

//which is higher?
var highestNumber = Math.max(firstNumber,secondNumber);

To test this was working, I used console.log.

console.log("Lowest number is: " + lowestNumber);
console.log("Highest number is: " + highestNumber);

This was where it got tricky for me. I basically had to look this up, as I couldn't brain it with my own brain.

var randomNumber = Math.floor(Math.random() * (highestNumber - lowestNumber + 1 )) + lowestNumber;

So, basically, generate the random number using Math.random, and multiply that by the highest number minus the lowest number + 1. Then add the lowest number, to ensure that the final result doesn't go under the lowest given value.

So it would look like this:

random Number * (high - low + 1) + low

or, as a simple example...

0.5 * (100 - 50 + 1) + 50

further broken down as...

0.5 * 51 + 50 = 75.5

Then Math.floor that sucker, giving us 75.

Interestingly, I had to store this result in its own variable (randomNumber), since if I placed the math statement directly in the alert it was treated as a string, appending onto the end of the alert message.

alert("Here's a number between  " + lowestNumber + " and " + highestNumber + ": " + randomNumber);

Not sure why this is, but it was probably a good thing anyway as it helped keep my code a bit more manageable and readable.

1 Answer

Steven Parker
Steven Parker
216,083 Points

Using "max" and "min" was a nice touch, most folks just ask specifically for a low number and then a higher one.

Your string issue might have been caused by putting quotes around your expression. If that's not it, and you'd like help figuring it out, show the actual code that was involved so we can take a look.