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PHP Enhancing a Simple PHP Application Adding Search: Controller & View Escaping Output Review

Dan Neumann
Dan Neumann
Courses Plus Student 10,318 Points

Re-adding search term to text field

I was asked this question:

A visitor to our site has just performed a search for chocolate, which has returned no results. Change this code to display the search term in the search box again, making sure to protect the page against malicious code that might have been entered.

I've added a value to the text field but it says I need to add a value. I'm not sure what I'm doing wrong.



$search_term = "";
if (isset($_GET["s"])) {
    $search_term = trim($_GET["s"]);
    if ($search_term != "") {
        require_once(ROOT_PATH . "inc/products.php");
        $products = get_products_search($search_term);

$pageTitle = "Search";
$section = "search";
include(ROOT_PATH . "inc/header.php"); ?>

    <div class="section shirts search page">

        <div class="wrapper">


            <form method="get" action="./">
                <input type="text" name="s" value="<?php htmlspecialchars($search_term); ?>">
                <input type="submit" value="Go">


                if ($search_term != "") {
                    if (!empty($products)) {
                        echo '<ul class="products">';
                        foreach ($products as $product) {
                            echo get_list_view_html($product);
                        echo '</ul>';
                    } else {
                        echo '<p>No products were found matching that search term.</p>';




<?php include(ROOT_PATH . "inc/footer.php"); ?>

2 Answers

Cristian Altin
Cristian Altin
12,165 Points

You forgot to echo the htmlspecialchars() output ;-)

As Cristian Altin said you have to echo the output. htmlspecialchars() converts a characters in a string into HTML entities so that malicious code can't be executed but does not output anything directly.