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Java Java Objects Harnessing the Power of Objects Handling Exceptions

%s

it said "java.util.MissingFormatArgumentException: Format specifier '%s'" what dose that mean?

Example.java
class Example {

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    GoKart kart = new GoKart("purple");
     if (kart.isBatteryEmpty()) {
       System.out.println("The battery is empty");
    }
    try {
     kart.drive(42);
      System.out.println("Example.java contains a program using the GoKart class we have been building (included for you to reference).");
    } catch (IllegalArgumentException iae) {
      System.out.println("please charge!");
      System.out.printf("the error was %s");
                       iae.getMessage();
    }
  }

}
GoKart.java
class GoKart {
  public static final int MAX_BARS = 8;
  private int barCount;
  private String color;
  private int lapsDriven;

  public GoKart(String color) {
    this.color = color;
  }

  public String getColor() {
    return color;
  }

  public void charge() {
    barCount = MAX_BARS;
  }

  public boolean isBatteryEmpty() {
    return barCount == 0;
  }

  public boolean isFullyCharged() {
    return MAX_BARS == barCount;
  }

  public void drive() {
    drive(1);
  }

  public void drive(int laps) {
    if (laps > barCount) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Not enough battery remains");
    }
    lapsDriven += laps;
    barCount -= laps;
  }

}

1 Answer

As with many languages semicolons terminate statements and arguments are placed inside parentheses.

This makes iae.getMessage(); 'missing' from printf() here:

System.out.printf("the error was %s");
                       iae.getMessage();

You should use a comma instead and include iae.getMessage() inside the parentheses:

System.out.printf("the error was %s", iae.getMessage());