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JavaScript JavaScript and the DOM (Retiring) Making Changes to the DOM Removing an Element from the DOM

Select the first list item element and store it in the variable firstListItem

Why doesn't this code work?

''' let myList = document.querySelector('ul'); let firstListItem = document.querySelector('li')[0];

'''

I get an error message saying " 'firstListItem' is undefined. Make sure you've assigned a value to 'firstListItem'

index.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>DOM Manipulation</title>
    </head>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css" />
    <body>
        <ul>
            <li id="first">First Item</li>
            <li id="second">Second Item</li>
            <li id="third">Third Item</li>
        </ul>
        <script src="app.js"></script>
    </body>
</html>
app.js
let myList = document.querySelector('ul');
let firstListItem = document.querySelector('li')[0];

3 Answers

james south
seal-mask
.a{fill-rule:evenodd;}techdegree seal-36
james south
Front End Web Development Techdegree Graduate 33,258 Points

querySelector returns one element, not an array or list, so there is no element [0]. querySelectorAll would work, as it returns a node list, in this case of length 1, so it has an element [0]. there are also other direct ways of selecting the requested element that will work here.

Ah ok that makes sense, thank you James.

Abhijit Das
Abhijit Das
5,022 Points

you can try different approaches

let firstListItem = document.getElementById('first');
let firstListItem = document.getElementsByTagName('ul')[0].getElementsByTagName('li')[0];
let firstListItem = document.querySelector('#first');