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iOS Object-Oriented Swift Value vs Reference Types Structs vs Classes

Srinivasan Senthil
Srinivasan Senthil
2,266 Points

Struct VS Classes ?

Could some one explain me the following. Why is it that an initializer required when i create a Class, but thats not the case when i create a struct.

My Code:

// I dont need to create a initializer here.
struct structContact
    var Firstname : String
    var Lastname  : String

var Student1 = structContact(Firstname: "James", Lastname: "Peter")
// // I do need to create a initializer here.
class classContact 
    var firstname : String
    var lastname  : String

    init(firstname : String, lastname : String)
    self.firstname = firstname
    self.lastname  = lastname

var student2 = structContact(Firstname: "Curious", Lastname: "George")

If your answer is something related to synthesized initializer, please let me know what it is.

Kindly explain in detail. Thanks.

1 Answer

Roy Hochstenbach
Roy Hochstenbach
3,226 Points

The idea of a class is that it gets loaded into memory, and then you can communicate with it afterwards. You don't have to give it any parameters, as you can do that later on. So for example, you could also do it like this:

var student = classContact;

student.Firstname = "Curious;

student.Lastname = "George";

Basically the init method is the default method that is executed when loading the class.

I think this is wrong, both will require parameters unless a default or nil is assigned.