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Matthew Francis
Matthew Francis
6,967 Points

Super Newbie - Need a clarification on variables, expressions and statements

Super new to Java here, anywho:

I came accros this question in stackoverflow and can't seem to comprehend/visualize the differences between the three fully, could soemone dumb it down for me?(an example of each would be much appericiated!).



My understanding:

Variable : must return a value (eg; String varName = "Hey");

Expressions: I've read that it can either return a value or it can be void. How does this work?

Statements: No idea how this works.

2 Answers

Simon Coates
Simon Coates
28,694 Points

variables are named containers for values. expressions evaluate to values. A statement is a small unit of work. It's a small section of code typically ending with a ; that tells the code to do something. See https://docs.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/java/nutsandbolts/expressions.html for a discussion of expressions and statements.

Eric Stermer
Eric Stermer
9,499 Points

An expression is kind of a mathy term. If you remember your typical grade school math class had expressions such as 2+2=4 or 1+1=2

Expressions in code are much like the expressions in math which contain operators such as + - / * % etc.

As in math where you get a resultant from the expression, in code you can store the resultant in a variable or even return it in a function.

an example of this would be: int value = 1 + 1; where value = 2. This resultant of 2 is stored in the variable called value and can be used elsewhere in your code.

You can even use expressions with other datatypes: String sentence = "W" + "a" * 8 + "z" + "u" * 8 + "p"; resulting in sentence storing "Waaaaaaaazuuuuuuuup".

Simply put, this is what an expression is in code.