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Python Regular Expressions in Python Introduction to Regular Expressions Groups

Alfonso Quijano
Alfonso Quijano
14,834 Points

why when we use findall intead search we find this Error object has no attribute 'groupdict'

python, Groups

2 Answers

Mischa Yartsev
Mischa Yartsev
20,548 Points

Hi, Alfonso Quijano

This is because .findall method is returning a 'list' object and therefore doesn't have a .groupdict method

findall = re.findall(r'(?P<twitter>@[\w\d]+)$', string, re.I|re.M)
# ['@kennethlove', '@chalkers', '@davemcfarland', '@joykesten']
type(findall)
# <class 'list'>

On the other hand, .search method returns 're.Match' object that has the 'groupdict' method included

search = re.search(r'(?P<twitter>@[\w\d]+)$', string, re.I|re.M)
# <re.Match object; span=(66, 78), match='@kennethlove'>
type(search)
<class 're.Match'>

Don't forget that you could always use dir() function to check what kind of attributes or methods your variables got inside

dir(search)
# ['__class__', '__copy__', '__deepcopy__', '__delattr__', '__dir__', '__doc__', '__eq__', '__format__', '__ge__', '__getattribute__', '__getitem__', '__gt__', '__hash__', '__init__', '__init_subclass__', '__le__', '__lt__', '__ne__', '__new__', '__reduce__', '__reduce_ex__', '__repr__', '__setattr__', '__sizeof__', '__str__', '__subclasshook__', 'end', 'endpos', 'expand', 'group', 'groupdict', 'groups', 'lastgroup', 'lastindex', 'pos', 're', 'regs', 'span', 'start', 'string']
Kerrick Hahn
Kerrick Hahn
5,728 Points

I had same problem.

For me, I had to take out the 'print' statement from the variable assignment for, 'line ='