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Installing Rails on Linux7:24 with Jay McGavren
Today, we're going to be setting up a Ruby on Rails development environment on Linux. We've chosen Ubuntu because it's a very common distribution, but you should be able to adapt these directions for other distros without too much trouble.
First, open a terminal. If you haven't done that before, you can click the button in the upper-left to search your computer, and type "terminal". Click the "Terminal" application in the list of results. Once that's done, you'll be ready to follow along for the rest of these directions.
Ruby Version Manager (rvm)
We need to install rvm, the Ruby Version Manager. rvm will download, compile, and install new Ruby versions for us.
But to install rvm, we first need the "curl" program. We'll install that via a package manager. In your terminal, run this command:
sudo apt-get install curl
You'll need to provide your system password. When the installation is complete, you'll be returned to your system prompt.
Now we're ready to install rvm. Copy and paste these two commands into your terminal:
gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A1703113804BB82D39DC0E3 \curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
(Yes, that is a backslash before the "curl" command. It's there to avoid potential version conflicts.)
rvm is now installed, but it won't be available until you open a new terminal window. So go ahead and open a new window from the menu. Then, try running the "rvm" command all by itself. If it outputs usage information, you'll know it's working.
Now that rvm is installed, we can have it install a new Ruby version for us. From your terminal, run:
rvm install 2.3.1
rvm may need to install some packages that Ruby depends on. If it asks, type your system password and press Enter to continue.
When it returns to the system prompt, Ruby will be installed. But it's not available in your terminal yet. If you type
ruby -v to look at your ruby version, you'll probably either get a message saying Ruby is NOT installed, or you'll get an older version of Ruby. To tell rvm to use the Ruby version you just installed, and to use that version by default in the future, run:
rvm use 2.3.1 --default
Setting your terminal for login shell
When you try to run the "rvm use" command, you may get an error: "RVM is not a function... You need to change your terminal emulator preferences to allow login shell." If that happens, you'll need to go to a search engine to figure out how to enable login shell for your terminal.
If you don't know what terminal program you're using, you can look in the About menu. Ubuntu comes with "Gnome Terminal" by default, so that's what we used for this installation. So we'd type into a search engine: "gnome terminal login shell".
Among the results, we found a page that said "you have to enable 'Run Command as a login shell' in the gnome-terminal 'Profile Preferences', reachable from the Edit menu." So we followed the menus:
- "Profile Preferences"
- "Command" tab
- Check "Run command as a login shell"
- Click "Close"
- Open another new terminal window so it takes effect
After that, we ran
rvm use 2.3.1 --default again, and it worked.
Of course, these particular directions will only help you if you're using Gnome Terminal. If you're using a different program, try your own web search.
Now it's time to install Rails. Rails comes as a Ruby "gem". A gem is a library, a collection of reusable code, that can be automatically downloaded and installed on your system, using the "gem" tool. In your terminal, run:
gem install rails --version 5.0.0
The "gem" program will download and install that version of the Rails gem, along with all the other gems Rails depends on.
sudo apt-get install nodejs
You'll be prompted for your system password again, and then Node.js will be installed.
That's it! You should be ready to create your first Rails app!
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